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Location Cuba, Pinar del Rio
Central coordinates 83o 24.86' West  22o 43.87' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 16,930 ha
Altitude 100 - 680m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Centro Nacional de Areas Protegidas (Affiliate)



Site description Mil Cumbres IBA embraces a complex landscape within the municipalities of Los Palacios, La Palma and Bahía Honda, in Pinar del Río province. The landscape comprises agricultural plains, karst valleys, mojotes, slate cliffs, sinkholes, sulphur springs and hills, and includes the Sierra de los Órganos, Sierra del Pan de Guajaibón, and the Cajálbana Plateau. The IBA protects an important aquifer and the catchment areas of the San Marcos and San Diego rivers.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Gundlach's Hawk Accipiter gundlachi resident  2007  unknown  A1, A3  Endangered 
Plain Pigeon Patagioenas inornata resident  2007  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Grey-headed Quail-dove Geotrygon caniceps resident  2007  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Key West Quail-dove Geotrygon chrysia resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Quail-dove Starnoenas cyanocephala resident  2007  unknown  A1, A3  Endangered 
Cuban Parakeet Aratinga euops resident  2007  10 breeding pairs  poor  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Cuban Amazon Amazona leucocephala resident  2007  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Great Lizard-cuckoo Coccyzus merlini resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bare-legged Owl Gymnoglaux lawrencii unknown  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Pygmy-owl Glaucidium siju unknown  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Emerald Chlorostilbon ricordii resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bee Hummingbird Mellisuga helenae resident  2007  20 individuals  poor  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Cuban Trogon Priotelus temnurus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Tody Todus multicolor resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
West Indian Woodpecker Melanerpes superciliaris resident  2006  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Green Woodpecker Xiphidiopicus percussus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Fernandina's Flicker Colaptes fernandinae resident  2007  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Greater Antillean Pewee Contopus caribaeus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Loggerhead Kingbird Tyrannus caudifasciatus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Giant Kingbird Tyrannus cubensis resident  2007  unknown  A1, A3  Endangered 
La Sagra's Flycatcher Myiarchus sagrae resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Vireo Vireo gundlachii resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Crow Corvus nasicus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Solitaire Myadestes elisabeth resident  2007  40 individuals  poor  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Olive-capped Warbler Dendroica pityophila resident  2007  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-headed Warbler Teretistris fernandinae resident  2007  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Icterus dominicensis resident  2007  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Cuban Blackbird Dives atroviolaceus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Greater Antillean Grackle Quiscalus niger resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Bullfinch Melopyrrha nigra resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Grassquit Tiaris canorus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Painted Bunting Passerina ciris winter  2007  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Western Spindalis Spindalis zena resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Mil Cumbres Protected Area of Managed Resources 17,129 is identical to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   80%
Shrubland   -
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater marshes/swamps  20%
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry and agro-industrial plantations; Perennial crops, orchards, groves; Urban and industrial areas  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
military -
tourism/recreation -
nature conservation and research -
agriculture -
rangeland/pastureland -

Other biodiversity The herpetofauna includes the Critically Endangered frog Eleutherodactylus symingtoni and other Pinar del Río endemics Anolis vermiculatus and A. bartschi. Mammals include the hutias Mysateles prehensilis and Capromys pilorides, and 10 bat species. Two locally endemic freshwater fish are also present. Of a flora with 1,143 species, 52 are endemic to Cajálbana and 24 to Sierra de la Güira.

Acknowledgements Authors:HIRAM GONZÁLEZ, ARTURO KIRKCONNELL

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mil Cumbres. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife