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Location Cuba, Pinar del Rio
Central coordinates 84o 30.18' West  21o 55.02' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 101,116 ha
Altitude 0 - 19m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Centro Nacional de Areas Protegidas (Affiliate)



Site description Guanahacabibes IBA is located in the municipality of Sandino, Pinar del Río province, in westernmost Cuba. It comprises the forested, flat limestone plain of the Guanahacabibes peninsula, itself formed by the peninsulas of Cabo de San Antonio and Corrientes. Cliffs rise to 19 m on the south coast from where the land slopes gently across the peninsula down to sea level on the north coast. A range of limestone formations, including caves, are found within the IBA. The Cueva la Barca, contains a rich, nationally important cave biota. The town of La Bajada (1,146 inhabitants) is located within the IBA.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
West Indian Whistling-duck Dendrocygna arborea resident  2007  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Gundlach's Hawk Accipiter gundlachi resident  2007  unknown  A1, A3  Endangered 
White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala resident  2007  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Plain Pigeon Patagioenas inornata resident  2007  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Key West Quail-dove Geotrygon chrysia resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-headed Quail-dove Starnoenas cyanocephala resident  2007  unknown  A1, A3  Endangered 
Cuban Amazon Amazona leucocephala resident  2007  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Coccyzus merlini unknown  2007  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Bare-legged Screech-owl Margarobyas lawrencii unknown  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Pygmy-owl Glaucidium siju unknown  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Antillean Nighthawk Chordeiles gundlachii breeding  2006  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Nightjar Antrostomus cubanensis unknown  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Antillean Palm-swift Tachornis phoenicobia unknown  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Emerald Chlorostilbon ricordii resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Bee Hummingbird Mellisuga helenae resident  2007  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Cuban Trogon Priotelus temnurus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Tody Todus multicolor resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
West Indian Woodpecker Melanerpes superciliaris resident  2006  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Green Woodpecker Xiphidiopicus percussus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Greater Antillean Pewee Contopus caribaeus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Loggerhead Kingbird Tyrannus caudifasciatus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Giant Kingbird Tyrannus cubensis resident  2007  unknown  A1, A3  Endangered 
La Sagra's Flycatcher Myiarchus sagrae resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Vireo Vireo gundlachii resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Crow Corvus nasicus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-headed Warbler Teretistris fernandinae resident  2007  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Icterus dominicensis resident  2007  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Cuban Blackbird Dives atroviolaceus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Red-shouldered Blackbird Agelaius assimilis resident  2007  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Greater Antillean Grackle Quiscalus niger resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Bullfinch Melopyrrha nigra resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Painted Bunting Passerina ciris winter  2007  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Western Spindalis Spindalis zena resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Guanahacabibes National Park 39,826 is identical to site 0  
Guanahacabibes Protected Area of Managed Resources 153,136 is identical to site 0  
Peninsula de Guanahacabibes UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 119,189 is identical to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Flooded tropical evergreen forest; Mangrove; Tropical semi-deciduous forest  80%
Coastline Cliffs, rocky shores, islets, freshwater; Sandbars, sandbanks, sandspits  -
Sea Shallow marine areas, coral reefs and keys  20%
Rocky areas   -
Caves and subterranean habitats (non-aquatic) Caves  minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 90%
nature conservation and research 40%
tourism/recreation 25%
agriculture minor
Notes: Cultivation of tobacco and other crops.
rangeland/pastureland minor
Notes: Cattle farming

Other biodiversity The Endangered (and endemic) frog Eleutherodactylus guanahacabibes occurs, as do other endemic reptiles including Anolis quadriocellifer and Antillophis andreai peninsulae. A number of endemic rodents and bats occur, and 14 plant species are confined to the IBA.

Acknowledgements Authors: HIRAM GONZÁLEZ, ALINA PÉREZ, ALEJANDRO LLANES, ENEIDER PÉREZ

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Guanahacabibes. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife