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Location Belarus, Brest
Central coordinates 24o 52.00' East  52o 39.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, B3
Area 18,947 ha
Altitude 167 - 170m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Akhova Ptushak Belarusi

Site description The site comprises the largest fish pond complex Selets (2,500 ha), the Selets water reservoir and part of the Ruzhany Pushcha forest tract adjoining the Selets complex in the east.

Key Biodiversity The abundance of fish, fish foodstuffs, and large areas of surface vegetation define the rich diversity of birds. The fishfarm is a breeding centre for large populations of Bittern Botaurus stellaris, White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla, Pochard Aythya ferina, and Penduline Tit Remiz pendulinus. More than 20,000 waterbirds are found here in the post-breeding season.The combination of a fishfarm and a forest tract is excellent habitat for White-tailed Eagle and Eagle Owl Bubo bubo. The fishfarm is also an important migration stop-over. When discharged, the fishponds retain food for thousands of migrating waders, up to 20 White-tailed Eagles, and 5-15 Ospreys Pandion haliaetus.

Non-bird biodiversity: The flora of the site is characterized by a high species diversity. Six vascular plant species are listed in the National Red Data Book, 14 are on the list of plants requiring preventive protection, and 16 are rare for the region.Mammal species include Badger Meles meles and Beaver Castor fiber. The site is also inhabited by Elk Alces alces, Deer Cervus elaphus, Roe Deer Capreolus capreolus, Raccoon Dog Nyctereutes procyonoides, and Otter Lutra lutra.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Gadwall Mareca strepera breeding  1990  15-25 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
Common Pochard Aythya ferina breeding  1990  200-300 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Vulnerable 
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris breeding  1990  20-40 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla breeding  1996  4-6 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  1995  3-6 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Buslauka Nature Sanctuary or Partial Reserve (Local) 7,936 protected area contained by site 7,936  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mixed woodland  25%
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  66%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  9%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture 25%
forestry 65%
agriculture 10%

Protection status National Conservation Status: Part of the IBA (7,936 ha) is included in the Buslovka national biological zakaznik, established in 1990. International Conservation Status: An IBA was established in 1998 (code BY011, criteria A1, B2, B3).

References A.Kozulin, L.Vergeichik, M.Nikiforov and others. Treasures of Belarusian nature.- Minsk, 2002. -160 p.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sialiec. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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