|Central coordinates||24o 52.00' East 52o 39.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, B2, B3|
|Altitude||167 - 170m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2005|
Site description The site comprises the largest fish pond complex Selets (2,500 ha), the Selets water reservoir and part of the Ruzhany Pushcha forest tract adjoining the Selets complex in the east.
Key Biodiversity The abundance of fish, fish foodstuffs, and large areas of surface vegetation define the rich diversity of birds. The fishfarm is a breeding centre for large populations of Bittern Botaurus stellaris, White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla, Pochard Aythya ferina, and Penduline Tit Remiz pendulinus. More than 20,000 waterbirds are found here in the post-breeding season.The combination of a fishfarm and a forest tract is excellent habitat for White-tailed Eagle and Eagle Owl Bubo bubo. The fishfarm is also an important migration stop-over. When discharged, the fishponds retain food for thousands of migrating waders, up to 20 White-tailed Eagles, and 5-15 Ospreys Pandion haliaetus.
Non-bird biodiversity: The flora of the site is characterized by a high species diversity. Six vascular plant species are listed in the National Red Data Book, 14 are on the list of plants requiring preventive protection, and 16 are rare for the region.Mammal species include Badger Meles meles and Beaver Castor fiber. The site is also inhabited by Elk Alces alces, Deer Cervus elaphus, Roe Deer Capreolus capreolus, Raccoon Dog Nyctereutes procyonoides, and Otter Lutra lutra.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Gadwall Mareca strepera||breeding||1990||15-25 breeding pairs||good||B2||Least Concern|
|Common Pochard Aythya ferina||breeding||1990||200-300 breeding pairs||medium||B3||Vulnerable|
|Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris||breeding||1990||20-40 breeding pairs||medium||B2||Least Concern|
|White-tailed Sea-eagle Haliaeetus albicilla||breeding||1996||4-6 breeding pairs||good||A1, B2||Least Concern|
|Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo||resident||1995||3-6 breeding pairs||good||B2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Buslauka||Nature Sanctuary or Partial Reserve (Local)||7,936||protected area contained by site||7,936|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Wetlands (inland)||Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation||66%|
|Artificial - terrestrial||Arable land||9%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Protection status National Conservation Status: Part of the IBA (7,936 ha) is included in the Buslovka national biological zakaznik, established in 1990. International Conservation Status: An IBA was established in 1998 (code BY011, criteria A1, B2, B3).
References A.Kozulin, L.Vergeichik, M.Nikiforov and others. Treasures of Belarusian nature.- Minsk, 2002. -160 p.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sialiec. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/11/2015
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