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Location Cuba, Sancti Spiritus
Central coordinates 80o 1.75' West  21o 53.51' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 29,425 ha
Altitude 200 - 1,140m
Year of IBA assessment 2008

Centro Nacional de Areas Protegidas (Affiliate)



Site description The Topes de Collantes IBA is an area of hills within the Sierra del Escambray (part of the Guamuhaya massif) in southwestern Sancti Spiritus province. These hills are characterised by their structural and tectonic complexity (including areas of karst limestone) as well as their cool climate. This has resulted in a diverse range of vegetation types including evergreen forest, pine forest, riparian forest and grasslands, semi-deciduous forest, and secondary scrub containing Dichrostachys cinerea in deforested areas.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Northern Bobwhite Colinus virginianus resident  2007  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Gundlach's Hawk Accipiter gundlachi resident  2007  unknown  A1, A3  Endangered 
Geotrygon caniceps resident  2007  unknown  A1, A3  Not Recognised 
White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala resident  2007  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Key West Quail-dove Geotrygon chrysia resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Parakeet Psittacara euops resident  2007  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Cuban Amazon Amazona leucocephala resident  2007  unknown  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Coccyzus merlini resident  2007  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Bare-legged Screech-owl Margarobyas lawrencii resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Pygmy-owl Glaucidium siju resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Nightjar Antrostomus cubanensis resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Emerald Chlorostilbon ricordii resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Trogon Priotelus temnurus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Tody Todus multicolor resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
West Indian Woodpecker Melanerpes superciliaris resident  2006  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Green Woodpecker Xiphidiopicus percussus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Greater Antillean Pewee Contopus caribaeus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Loggerhead Kingbird Tyrannus caudifasciatus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
La Sagra's Flycatcher Myiarchus sagrae resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Vireo Vireo gundlachii resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Crow Corvus nasicus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Martin Progne cryptoleuca resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Icterus dominicensis resident  2007  unknown  A3  Not Recognised 
Cuban Blackbird Dives atroviolaceus resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Tawny-shouldered Blackbird Agelaius humeralis resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Greater Antillean Grackle Quiscalus niger resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Cuban Bullfinch Melopyrrha nigra resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Western Spindalis Spindalis zena resident  2007  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Topes de Collantes Protected Area of Managed Resources 29,425 is identical to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Gallery (or Riparian) forest; Montane broadleaf evergreen forest; Pine forests; Tropical semi-deciduous forest  -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers; Streams  -
Caves and subterranean habitats (non-aquatic)   -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry and agro-industrial plantations; Perennial crops, orchards, groves; Urban and industrial areas; Urban parks and gardens  -
Introduced vegetation   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
nature conservation and research -

Other biodiversity Of the 488 higher plant species present, 53 are endemic, 22 of which with some category of global threat. Twenty-five endemics of the Guamuhaya sector have been reported in Pico Potrerillo, including local endemics such as Vernonia potrerilloana, Rondeletia potrerilloana and Psychotria martii.

Acknowledgements Author:DAYSI RODRÍGUEZ

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Topes de Collantes. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/08/2014

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