email a friend
printable version
Location Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK), Salt Cay
Central coordinates 71o 15.00' West  21o 12.00' North
IBA criteria A2, A4i, B4i
Area 251 ha
Altitude 0 - 2m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Site description Natural creek area on the SE side of Salt Cay and abandoned salt-pans throughout the island, notably ones viewable from the roads in the settlement. This natural interest complements the historic interest of the salt industry relics.

Key Biodiversity In terms of the Caribbean, holds significant numbers of Brown Pelican (30 individuals), Wilson's Plover (30 breeding pairs), Laughing Gull (900 individuals), Royal Tern (30 individuals), Least Tern (400 individuals, 280 breeding) and Sandwich Tern (60 individuals).

Non-bird biodiversity: Shores are probably important for nesting turtles Chelonia midas (EN), Eretmochelys imbricata (CR), Caretta caretta (EN).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Pelecanus occidentalis non-breeding  2005  30 individuals  poor  B4i  Not Recognised 
Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia breeding  2005  30 breeding pairs  poor  B4i  Least Concern 
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla non-breeding  2005  900 individuals  poor  B4i  Least Concern 
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis non-breeding  2005  60 individuals  poor  B4i  Least Concern 
Least Tern Sternula antillarum breeding  2005  280 breeding pairs  poor  A4i  Least Concern 
Bahama Woodstar Calliphlox evelynae resident  2008  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Thick-billed Vireo Vireo crassirostris resident  2008  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Bahama Mockingbird Mimus gundlachii resident  2008  unknown  A2  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport -
Notes: Salt industry

Protection status Parts of the salt-pans are Statutory Area of Historic Interest 32. Nature Reserve status needs to be added, and the boundary of this needs to include the Creek areas, which is only an informal sanctuary at present, as well as the salt-pans. The area needs conserving also for historic interest and the wildlife feature in town.

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Salt Cay Creek and Salinas. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife