|Location||Turks and Caicos Islands (to UK), East Caicos,Middle Caicos,North Caicos|
|Central coordinates||71o 46.51' West 21o 47.93' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A4i, A4iii, B4i|
|Altitude||0 - 25m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Site description The site is a wetland complex including a range of wetland and some linked dry-land ecosystems with important natural transitions between them. The site stretches along the wetland (mainly SW) side of North Caicos, Middle Caicos and part of East Caicos. Ideally, the statutory Nature Reserve should extend to ecologically linked dry-land and ponds in Middle Caicos, more fully to East Caicos, and reef areas on N and E (see IBAs TC002, TC004 & TC005).
Key Biodiversity Important throughout the year for the globally threatened West Indian Whistling Duck and Kirtland's Warbler during the non-breeding season. The area is important too for restricted-range species: Bahama Woodstar, Bahama Mockingbird, Pearly-eyed Thrasher, and Thick-billed Vireo, an endemic subspecies. The real numbers of breeding Gull-billed Terns is rather higher than in the table but only a small proportion of the area concerned could be accessed. Also other biome-restricted species: Greater Antillean Bullfinch, endemic subspecies, Stripe-headed Tanager, Cuban Crow (endemic to Cuba and Caicos Islands), as well as holding the largest colony of Magnificent Frigatebirds, in the islands. It is thought to hold on a regular basis more than 20,000 waterbirds therefore the site qualifies for A4iii status. Species greater than 1% of the bioregional population and thus qualifying for A4i status are listed below. Also present are Caribbean important populations of: Brown Pelican (150 individuals); White-cheeked Pintail (1,000 individuals); Sandhill Crane (3 individuals); American Oystercatcher (100 individuals); Wilson's plover (100 individuals); Laughing Gull (900 individuals); Royal Tern (150 individuals); Sandwich Tern (150 individuals); and, Least Tern (100 individuals).
Non-bird biodiversity: The wetlands are thought to play a major role in providing a nursery and feeding grounds for numerous fauna. They act also as land-protection against hurricane damage. The shallow flats where the seagrasses grow serve as major nursery areas of the inshore marine environment. They are the immediate recipients of nutrients produced from the mangrove areas themselves. The areas often do not contain many species, but some exist in high numbers. Thus the economic value of these areas, particularly with regard to edible species such as mullets and shrimp and sport species such as bonefish, is high.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|West Indian Whistling-duck Dendrocygna arborea||resident||2005||unknown||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|White-cheeked Pintail Anas bahamensis||unknown||2005||1,000 individuals||poor||B4i||Least Concern|
|American Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber||winter||2005||3,000 individuals||poor||A4i||Least Concern|
|Reddish Egret Egretta rufescens||winter||2005||400 individuals||poor||A4i||Near Threatened|
|Pelecanus occidentalis||non-breeding||2005||150 individuals||poor||B4i||Not Recognised|
|Sandhill Crane Antigone canadensis||winter||2005||3 individuals||poor||B4i||Least Concern|
|Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola||winter||2005||2,500 individuals||poor||A4i||Least Concern|
|Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia||unknown||2005||100 individuals||poor||B4i||Least Concern|
|Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes||winter||2005||5,000 individuals||poor||A4i||Least Concern|
|Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus||winter||2005||3,200 individuals||poor||A4i||Least Concern|
|Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca||winter||2005||1,000 individuals||poor||A4i||Least Concern|
|Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla||winter||2005||6,000 individuals||poor||A4i||Least Concern|
|Sterna nilotica||breeding||2005||60 individuals||poor||B4i||Not Recognised|
|Laughing Gull Larus atricilla||non-breeding||2005||900 individuals||poor||B4i||Least Concern|
|Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus||non-breeding||2005||150 individuals||poor||B4i||Least Concern|
|Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis||non-breeding||2005||150 individuals||poor||B4i||Least Concern|
|Least Tern Sternula antillarum||non-breeding||2005||100 individuals||poor||B4i||Least Concern|
|Bahama Woodstar Calliphlox evelynae||resident||2005||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Thick-billed Vireo Vireo crassirostris||resident||2005||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Bahama Mockingbird Mimus gundlachii||resident||2005||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus||resident||2005||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2005||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|North, Middle and East Caicos||Nature Reserve||54,400||protected area overlaps with site||54,400|
|North, Middle and East Caicos Islands||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||58,617||is identical to site||58,617|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Protection status The area comprises Statutory Nature Reserve 17, and within this includes the overlapping Vine Point (Man O'War Bush and Ocean Hole) Statutory Nature Reserve 22. Its boundaries coincide with those of the Ramsar site, designated in June 1990. It is included in the TCNT Biodiversity Management Plan. Working with the local community, the Turks & Caicos National Trust, the UK Overseas Territories Conservation Forum and CAB International, with the support of UK Government's Darwin Initiative, have produced a Plan for Biodiversity Management and Sustainable Development around Turks & Caicos Ramsar Site (available at www.ukotcf.org). The main implementation of this by the Trust and its partners awaits some governmental procedures.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: North, Middle and East Caicos Ramsar Site. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/08/2016
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