email a friend
printable version
Location Armenia, Syunik
Central coordinates 45o 46.73' East  39o 41.05' North
IBA criteria A1, B2
Area 5,923 ha
Altitude 2,028 - 2,871m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

Armenian Society for the Protection of Birds (Affiliate)

Site description Gorayk IBA is located in the south of Armenia in Syunik Province. It occupies Syunik plateau and includes part of Spandarian reservoir built on Vorotan River. The area is predominantly agricultural with livestock grazing and pasture use making the basis of most agricultural activity.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  1995-2006  10-20 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1995  1-2 breeding pairs  medium  A1  Endangered 
Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus breeding  1995  5-6 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos breeding  1995  2-3 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
TV tower crew 2007


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas  minor
Rocky areas   minor
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  major
Artificial - aquatic   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture minor
hunting minor
rangeland/pastureland major
energy production and mining minor
fisheries/aquaculture minor
Notes: Small percentage of aquaculture is present in IBA.

Other biodiversity Gorayk IBA forms part of the Caucasus Hotspot. Ecosystems here provide key habitats for animal species such as wolf, fox, stone marten, badger and hare. Some species of amphibians, reptiles and rodents also inhabit the area.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gorayk. Downloaded from on 16/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife