|Location||Cayman Islands (to UK), Grand Cayman|
|Central coordinates||81o 11.00' West 19o 19.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||0 - 18m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Site description The site lies inland on North Side, bounded on the west and south by KY006, the Central Mangrove Wetland, and to the north by agricultural land. The dry forest has bothprimary- and second-growth trees with areas of grassland once used for agriculture. It comprises the largest area of contiguous dry forest in the Cayman Islands, with thehighest degree of endemism and biodiversity, having been above the sea for 2 to 2.5 million years; it also includes the highest elevation on Grand Cayman (18 m). It has retained its pristine nature because there is no road access; only two footpaths bisect the site. Dominant trees are as characterised in the general introduction to this chapter; rare species mainly confined to this site are Casearia sp. nov., Daphnopsis occidentalis, Sideroxylon foetidissimum, Terminalia eriostachya, Celtis trinervia, Jacquininia sp. nov., Jatropha divaricata, Dendropanax arboreus and Xylosoma bahamsense. It is floristically distinct from Cayman Brac and Little Cayman and, due to slight variations in elevation and the high water table, there are distinct vegetation zones of differing tree heights. The Mastic trail, a 2.5-mile traditional footpath and public right of way from north to south, was opened for tourism in 1994 with a grant from the RARE Centre for Tropical Conservation.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala||resident||2007||unknown||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Cuban Amazon Amazona leucocephala||resident||2005||25-350 individuals||poor||A1||Near Threatened|
|Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica||resident||2005||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Thick-billed Vireo Vireo crassirostris||resident||2005||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Yucatan Vireo Vireo magister||resident||2005||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Vitelline Warbler Dendroica vitellina||resident||2005||unknown||-||A1, A2||Near Threatened|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Mastic Reserve (Grand Cayman)||Reserve||162||protected area overlaps with site||172|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Other biodiversity Plants endemic to the Cayman Islands: Allophylus cominia var. caymanensis. Plants endemic to Grand Cayman: Casearia sp., Chionanthus caymanensis var. longipetala, Daphnopsis occidentalis, Crossopetalum caymanense, Myrmecophilia thompsoniana thompsonia, Dendrophylax fawcettii, Tolumnia caymanense, Jatropha divaricata and Dendropanax arboreus. Reptiles endemic to Grand Cayman: Anolis conspersus conspersus, Sphaerodactylus argivus lewisi, Tropidophis caymanensis caymanensis and Alsophis cantherigerus caymanensis. Lepidoptera endemic to the Cayman Islands: Cyclargus ammon erembis, Dryas iulia zoe (with Cayman Brac)and Memphis echemus danielana. Endemic to Grand Cayman: Heraclides andraemon tailori and Brephidium exilis thompsoni.
Protection status 44% of the site is protected by the National Trust
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mastic Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/07/2014
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