email a friend
printable version
Location Cayman Islands (to UK), Cayman Brac
Central coordinates 79o 47.00' West  19o 43.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 473 ha
Altitude 0 - 30m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Site description The site occupies 427 ha of tall dry forest on karstic limestone, of which 82 ha is protected as the Parrot Reserve, owned by the National Trust. The forest is highly diverse with Cedrela odorata (the majority are mature or dead trees, main parrot nesting habitat), Sideroxylon salicifolium, Exothea paniculata, Chionanthus caymanensis and Bursera simaruba as dominants. There has been a long history of disturbance by logging and the forest is a mosaic of primary and second growth trees with, on the south of the bluff, Pilosocereus sp., Agave sobolifera, Tillandsia sp. and orchids.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-crowned Pigeon Patagioenas leucocephala resident  2007  unknown  A1  Near Threatened 
Cuban Amazon Amazona leucocephala resident  2005  60-70 breeding pairs  good  A1  Near Threatened 
Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica resident  2005  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Thick-billed Vireo Vireo crassirostris resident  2005  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Vitelline Warbler Dendroica vitellina resident  2005  unknown  A1, A2  Near Threatened 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Brac Parrot Reserve (Cayman Brac) Reserve 73 protected area contained by site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 19%
Notes: Parrot Reserve owned by the National Trust

Other biodiversity Plants endemic to the Cayman Islands: Allophylus cominia var. caymanensis; Crossopetalum caymanense and Cocothrinax proctorii. Endemic plants to Little Cayman and Cayman Brac: Chionanthus caymanensis var. caymanensis, Encyclia kingsii, Phyllanthus caymanensis and Myremecophila thompsoniana var. minor. Verbesina caymanensis endemic to Cayman Brac occurs on the north-eastern bluff. It is a priority site for cacti in a regional context Pilosocereus sp. Bats, Caribbean endemics: Macrotus waterhousii minor and Erophylla sezekorni syops. Amphibians: Osateophilus septentrionalis and Eleutherodactylus p. planirostris. Reptiles endemic to Little Cayman and Cayman Brac: Alsophis cantherigerus fuscicauda, Anolis sagrei luteosignifer, Aristelliger p. praesignis, Cyclura nubila caymanensis, Celestus crusculusmaculates and Sphaerodactylus argivus argivus. Lepidoptera endemic to the Cayman Islands: Cyclargus ammon erembis and Memphis echemus danielana.

Further web sources of information 

Site profile from Important Bird Areas in the Caribbean: key sites for conservation (BirdLife International 2008)

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Bluff Forest. Downloaded from on 22/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife