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Location Portugal, Azores
Central coordinates 27o 57.00' West  39o 1.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1ii, B2, C2, C6
Area 74 ha
Altitude 0 - 150m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves



Site description The site includes the area from the coastline up to the top of the seacliffs, from the area of Carapacho to the lighthouse of Restinga. The cliffs are covered by macaronesean woodland and cobbles. Included is the islet Ilhéu de Baixo.

Key Biodiversity Important for seabirds, especially because of the most important concentration of the Madeiran Storm Petrel and an important colony of Roseate Tern. At Ilhéu de Baixo there are two distinct populations of Madeiran Storm Petrels - one breeding from September to February and the other breeding from April to September.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Calonectris diomedea breeding  2001  2,463 breeding pairs  medium  A4ii, B1ii, C2  Not Recognised 
Puffinus assimilis breeding  1997  50 breeding pairs  medium  B1ii, B2, C2  Not Recognised 
Bulwer's Petrel Bulweria bulwerii breeding  1997  1-10 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Band-rumped Storm-petrel Hydrobates castro breeding  1997  300 breeding pairs  medium  A4ii, B1ii, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii breeding  2000  163 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i, B2, C2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ilhéu de Baixo - Ilha Graciosa - PTZPE0029 Birds Directive 30 protected area overlaps with site 16  
Ilhéu de Baixo - Restinga Ilha Graciosa - PTGRA0015 Habitats Directive 249 protected area overlaps with site 28  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   -
Coastline Rock stacks and islets; Sea cliffs and rocky shores  -
Introduced vegetation   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National noneInternational Special Protection Area Ilhéu de Baixo; SCI Ilhéu de Baixo e Restinga.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ilhéu de Baixo e Costa Adjacente. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife