|Central coordinates||28o 47.00' West 38o 36.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C2|
|Altitude||0 - 300m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2002|
Ornithological information Important for breeding seabirds, especially the Cory's Shearwater and the Roseate Tern.
Site description This IBA is constituted by two distinct zones: the first along the western coast, from Porto dos Capelinhos to the Porto da Fajã; the second includes the volcano of Capelinhos, active in 1957-58, and the adjacent coastline.constituída por um cone vulcânico costeiro, uma praia de areia e falésias adjacentes.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Cory's Shearwater Calonectris diomedea||breeding||2001||5,713 breeding pairs||medium||A4ii, B1ii, B2, C2||Least Concern|
|Roseate Tern Sterna dougallii||breeding||2000||138 breeding pairs||good||A4i, B1i, B2, C2||Least Concern|
|Island Canary Serinus canaria||resident||1996||common [units unknown]||-||B3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Caldeira e Capelinhos - Ilha do Faial - PTFAI0004||Habitats Directive||2,023||protected area overlaps with site||172|
|Vulcão dos Capelinhos||Nature Reserve||100||unknown||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Rocky areas||Scree & boulders||-|
|Coastline||Sea cliffs and rocky shores||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Management considerations Feral terrestrial mammals (dogs, cats, rats and weasels) affect most of the seabirds, especially those who nest in holes and burrows. In 1998 the predation by feral cats in the colonies of the Capelinhos was so evident that only 2 pairs of Roseate Terns attempted to nest there the year after. Capture of Cory's Shearwaters and other seabirds exist in small scale. Invasive plant species like the cane reduces the available nesting habitat for seabirds. Seabird colonies are disturbed by illegal recreation activities. The absence of the establishment of the SPA by the regional law constitutes a weakness in its surveillance and legal protection. There is a management plan for the SPA Capelinhos.
Protection status National Protected Area Vulcão dos Capelinhos/Natural Forestal Reserve Capelinhos.International Espetial Protected Area Caldeira e Capelinhos; SCI Caldeira e Capelinhos
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Capelinhos. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/05/2013
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