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Location Portugal, Madeiran Archipelago
Central coordinates 17o 15.00' West  32o 48.00' North
IBA criteria A2, A4ii, B1ii, B2, B3, C2, C6
Area 1,161 ha
Altitude 0 - 643m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves

Site description West tip of Madeira island. The Ponta do Pargo presents a large diversity of habitats that confers a great importance to birds. The coast is constituted by rocky steep cliffs and fajãs (areas of cliffs collapse). In the highest zone there are agricultural parcels and herbaceous vegetation interrupted by shrub fences. We can also find pine-woods, eucalyptus,grasslands and shrublands.

Key Biodiversity Ponta do Pargo is a very important place for birds due to its habitat diversity that allows a great variety of species. Fajãsand seacliffs hold impotant colonies of Oceanodroma castro and other seabirds like Calonectris diomedea. In cliffs we can also find Apus unicolor. Arable lands are not only important to species like Serinus canaria or Anthus berthelottii, but also to birds of prey like Accipiter nisus grantii, who nests in pine-woods and eucalyptus, and hunts here.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Hydrobates castro resident  2000  300 breeding pairs  poor  A4ii, B1ii, B2, C2, C6  Not Recognised 
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus resident  2002  frequent  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Plain Swift Apus unicolor breeding  2002  common  A2, B3  Least Concern 
Berthelot's Pipit Anthus berthelotii resident  2002  common  A2, B3  Least Concern 
Island Canary Serinus canaria resident  2002  common  A2, B3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2014 high not assessed negligible

Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  Not assessed  Not assessed  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Native coniferous woodland; Treeline ecotone  -
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  -
Sea Open Sea  -
Coastline Rock stacks and islets; Sea cliffs and rocky shores  -
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Urban parks and gardens  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
hunting -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -
other -

Protection status National none International none

References Bannerman & Bannerman (1963), Zino & Biscoito (1994), Câmara (1997), Oliveira (1999)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ponta do Pargo. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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