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Location Portugal, Madeiran Archipelago
Central coordinates 16o 41.00' West  32o 44.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A4ii, B1ii, B3, C1, C2, C6
Area 3,411 ha
Altitude 1,250 - 1,818m
Year of IBA assessment 2002

Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves

Site description Mountainous zone with cliffs, scarps and deep valleys, located in center-oriental region of Madeira. In this place we find highest peaks of the island, and it receives the largest number of visitors, mainly in hottest months of the year. Besides altitud vegetation, we can find areas of transition forest and laurissilva in lower places.

Key Biodiversity This is the only known breeding area of Pterodroma madeira in the world. Colonies of Puffinus puffinus are found too. And is also remarcable the breeding of Petronia petronia madeirensis, Anthus berthelottii, Apus unicolor and Accipiter nisus grantii in the zone. In lower places, at laurissilva patches, some Columba trocaz pairs are found.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Zino's Petrel Pterodroma madeira breeding  2002  30-40 breeding pairs  good  A1, A4ii, B1ii, C1, C2, C6  Endangered 
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus resident  2002  frequent  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Madeira Laurel-pigeon Columba trocaz breeding  2002  100-300 individuals  medium  A1, A2, C1, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Plain Swift Apus unicolor breeding  2002  common  A2, B3  Least Concern 
Berthelot's Pipit Anthus berthelotii resident  2002  frequent  A2, B3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Laurisilva of Madeira World Heritage Site 15,000 protected area overlaps with site 338  
Madeira Nature Park 28,000 protected area contains site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  -
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -

Protection status National Nature Park of Madeira, Special Protection Area Maciço Montanhoso Oriental (PTZPE0041)International Special Protection Area Maciço Montanhoso Oriental .

References Bannerman & Bannerman (1963), Jouanin et al.(1969), Zino & Zino (1986), Zino (1992), Zino & biscoito (1994), Câmara (1997), Hagemeijer & Blair (1997), Oliveira (1999), Zino et al. (2001)

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Maciço Montanhoso Oriental. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife