|Location||Portugal, Madeiran Archipelago|
|Central coordinates||17o 2.00' West 32o 47.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, B3, C1, C2, C6|
|Altitude||0 - 1,455m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2002|
Site description Extensive forest area that covers near 25% of Madeira island. Is mainly located in the northern half of the island. The majority vegetation is constituted by native forest (laurissilva) and associated species. Steep banks, deep valleys and abrupt slopes are all around the area, this and the dense vegetaton become inaccessible some places.
Key Biodiversity Columba trocaz is strongly associated to laurissilva, its main habitat. Here, we can find many other interesting species like Puffinus puffinus who breeds in some highly vegetated upstream banks, or Accipiter nisus grantii who hunts in forest's limit areas. Scolopax rusticola resides and breeds here, far away from its habitual reproduction area. Calonectris diomedea breeds sparsely in this area. Although its populations are not well known here, Bulweria bulwerii and Oceanodroma castro are frequently observed. At steepest areas several Apus unicolor colonies are found, and some Serinus canaria in openest zones. In addition to that, is important the presence of some endemic sub-species: Motacilla cinerea schmitzi, Fingilla coelebs maderiensis, Regulus ignicapillus madeirensis or Erithacus rubecula microrynchus.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Calonectris diomedea||breeding||2000||frequent||-||C6||Not Recognised|
|Bulwer's Petrel Bulweria bulwerii||breeding||2000||rare||-||C6||Least Concern|
|Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus||breeding||2002||frequent||-||C2, C6||Least Concern|
|Madeira Laurel-pigeon Columba trocaz||resident||2002||4,142-16,910 individuals||medium||A1, A2, C1, C2, C6||Least Concern|
|Plain Swift Apus unicolor||breeding||2002||common||-||A2, B3||Least Concern|
|Island Canary Serinus canaria||resident||2002||frequent||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Laurisilva of Madeira||World Heritage Site||15,000||protected area overlaps with site||13,581|
|Madeira||Nature Park||28,000||protected area contains site||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland||-|
|Wetlands (inland)||Rivers and streams||-|
|Sea||Sea inlets and coastal features||-|
|Caves and subterranean habitats (non-aquatic)||Caves||-|
|Artificial - terrestrial||Arable land; Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves||-|
|Rocky areas||Inland cliffs||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
Protection status National Nature Park of Madeira, Special Protection Area Laurissilva (PTMAD0001)International Special Protection Area Laurissilva, UNESCO World Heritage Site (site no934)
References Bannerman & Bannerman (1989), Jones et al.(1989), Jones (1990), Câmara (1995), Hagemeijer & Blair (1997), Menezes (1997), Oliveira (1999).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Laurissilva. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 09/02/2016
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