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Location Spain, Andalucía
Central coordinates 6o 30.00' West  37o 55.00' North
IBA criteria B1i, B2, C2, C6
Area 71,000 ha
Altitude 400 - 871m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A mountainous area north-east of Huelva. Dehesas dominate the area. Riverine vegetation occurs along the main streams. The main human activity is livestock-farming.

Key Biodiversity This is an important area for breeding and dispersing juvenile raptors and Ciconia nigra. It is also an important passage and wintering site for passerines. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aquila adalberti (non-breeding) and Falco naumanni (2-4 breeding pairs).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1997  4 breeding pairs  medium  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus breeding  1997  25 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Circaetus gallicus breeding  1997  20 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Not Recognised 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Sierra de Aracena y Picos de Aroche Nature Park 184,000 protected area contains site 71,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland  26%
Shrubland   -
Grassland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 26%
hunting -

Protection status National High International High71,000 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Sierra de Aracena y Picos de Aroche, 184,000 ha). 71,000 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Sierra de Aracena y Picos de Aroche, 184,000 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sierra de Aracena. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

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