|Central coordinates||27o 0.00' East 52o 15.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3|
|Altitude||120 - 150m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2005|
Ornithological information Throughout the history of scientific research in the Mid-Pripyat Reserve, 182 bird species, including 155 breeding species, have been recorded. 52 National Red Data Book species are registered in the area, of which 39 breed. The Pripyat floodplain hosts constant and large populations of the following globally threatened species: Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola, Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga, Corncrake Crex crex, Great Snipe Gallinago media, Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca, and Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus. For 27 bird species, the area supports more than 1% of their national populations. The floodplain of the Pripyat river has a special international value for several waterfowl species during their spring migration. The overall number of geese that migrate along the Pripyat floodplain is estimated at 50,000 individuals. The figure for Wigeon Anas penelope is estimated to be 30,000.
Site description The site is the largest floodplain tract of the main waterway of the Polesie region, i.e. the Pripyat river. The site is located between the mouths of the Yaselda and the Stviga rivers, and has preserved its naturalness well. The IBA is about 120 km long and 4-14 km wide. Natural vegetation covers about 92% of the IBA. The site is very important for its primeval floodplain forests and meadows.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Bean Goose Anser fabalis||passage||1995||2,000-10,000 individuals||good||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons||passage||1995||10,000-30,000 individuals||medium||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus||passage||1995||50-250 individuals||poor||B1i||Vulnerable|
|Greylag Goose Anser anser||passage||1995||200-500 individuals||medium||B1i||Least Concern|
|Gadwall Anas strepera||breeding||1995||600-800 breeding pairs||medium||A4i, B1i, B2||Least Concern|
|Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope||passage||1995||10,000-20,000 individuals||medium||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Mallard Anas platyrhynchos||breeding||1995||10,000-15,000 breeding pairs||medium||B1i||Least Concern|
|Garganey Anas querquedula||breeding||1995||6,000-10,000 breeding pairs||medium||A4i, B1i, B2||Least Concern|
|Common Pochard Aythya ferina||breeding||1995||1,500-2,000 breeding pairs||medium||B1i||Least Concern|
|Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca||breeding||1995||50-150 breeding pairs||poor||A1||Near Threatened|
|Black Stork Ciconia nigra||breeding||1995||50-70 breeding pairs||medium||A4i, B1i, B2||Least Concern|
|White Stork Ciconia ciconia||breeding||1995||300-500 breeding pairs||medium||B2||Least Concern|
|Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus||breeding||1995||50 breeding pairs||-||B3||Least Concern|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga||breeding||2001||13-20 breeding pairs||good||A1||Vulnerable|
|Corncrake Crex crex||breeding||1995||500-2,000 breeding pairs||poor||A1||Least Concern|
|Little Crake Porzana parva||breeding||1996||300 breeding pairs||-||B3||Least Concern|
|Spotted Crake Porzana porzana||breeding||1996||700 breeding pairs||-||B3||Least Concern|
|Great Snipe Gallinago media||breeding||1995||1,000 breeding pairs||good||A1||Near Threatened|
|Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa||breeding||1986||500-1,000 breeding pairs||poor||B2||Near Threatened|
|Common Redshank Tringa totanus||breeding||1986||1,000 breeding pairs||medium||A4i, B1i, B2||Least Concern|
|Little Gull Larus minutus||breeding||1996||50-100 breeding pairs||medium||B2||Least Concern|
|Little Tern Sterna albifrons||breeding||1986||150-250 breeding pairs||medium||B1i, B2||Least Concern|
|White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus||breeding||1995||3,000-7,000 breeding pairs||medium||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Black Tern Chlidonias niger||breeding||1995||500-1,000 breeding pairs||medium||A4i, B1i, B2||Least Concern|
|Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo||breeding||1990||10-20 breeding pairs||medium||B2||Least Concern|
|Tawny Owl Strix aluco||resident||1990||300 breeding pairs||medium||B3||Least Concern|
|Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus||resident||1996||30-60 breeding pairs||medium||B2||Least Concern|
|European Roller Coracias garrulus||breeding||1986||30 breeding pairs||medium||B2||Near Threatened|
|Sand Martin Riparia riparia||breeding||1986||20,000-30,000 breeding pairs||medium||B2||Least Concern|
|Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola||breeding||1996||150-400 males only||medium||A1||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Mid-Pripyat||Zakaznik||90,447||protected area contains site||90,447|
|Mid-Pripyat State Landscape Zakaznik||Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar)||90,447||protected area contained by site||90,447|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Alluvial and very wet forest||38%|
|Grassland||Humid grasslands; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland||42%|
|Wetlands (inland)||Fens, transition mires and springs; Standing freshwater||20%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity Eleven plant species listed in the National Red Data Book can be found. These include very rare, formerly unknown to be occurring in the Polesie region, such as Three-toothed Saxifrage Saxifraga tridactilis, Fen Violet Viola stagnina, and Small-flowered Bittercress Cardamine parviflora. The Pripyat floodplain supports considerable populations of several mammal species. It hosts the largest Belarusian breeding centres of Beaver Castor fiber, Otter Lutra lutra, Water Vole Arvicola terrestris, and Foumart Mustela putorius. The swampy forests and shrub stands are concentration grounds for Elk Alces alces and Wild Boar Sus scrofa. The Mid Pripyat has favourable conditions for various amphibians and reptiles (16 species), including the rare Fresh-water Turtle Emys orbicularis, Running Toad Bufo calamita, and Tree Frog Hyla arborea. The Pripyat is one of the main fishing rivers in Belarus. 37 fish species are known to occur in the river and its floodplain waters.
Management considerations Disturbances in the hydrological regime Most of the problems pertaining to Mid-Pripyat have been brought about by extensive drainage of wetlands, embankment and canalization of the Pripyat and its tributaries to guard against floods. Narrowing of the floodplain and the elevated water level resulted in the loss of valuable habitats, over-wetting of forests, shrinking of fish spawning grounds, and changes in the flora and fauna. Burning of vegetation has serious consequences for vegetation and animals, especially in years with no floods. Forest cutting without account of their value for biodiversity is a serious threat. Overgrazing Natural vegetation communities on numerous parts of the floodplain suffer from pasture digression resulting from overgrazing. This leads to changes in the vegetation structure of meadows, and the destruction of young forests.Changes in traditional economic activities The cessation of hand hay-making has been widely observed on the site for the last several years. As a result, open floodplain meadows and fens have become rapidly overgrown with willow shrubs.Water pollution. The main pollution sources in the Pripyat catchment are heat-producing, wood-processing, paper-production, light and food enterprises, as well as agriculture (arable farming, cattle breeding) and municipal economic activities. Almost all indicators of water quality have declined considerably.
Protection status National Conservation Status: A Mid-Pripyat National Landscape zakaznik was established in 1999. International Conservation Status: An IBA was established in 1998 (code BY017, criteria A1, À4, Â1, Â2, Â3).The area was designated with Ramsar site status in 2001 (criteria 1, 2, 5, 6, 8).
Related state of the world's birds case studies
References A.Kozulin, L.Vergeichik, M.Nikiforov and others. Treasures of Belarusian nature.- Minsk, 2002. -160 p.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mid Prypiac'. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/06/2013
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