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Location Spain, Ceuta
Central coordinates 5o 19.00' West  35o 54.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iv, B1i, B1iii, B1iv, C1, C2, C3, C5
Area 1,900 ha
Altitude 0 - 360m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description The habitat of Ceuta peninsula is partially degraded with exotic Eucalyptus and Pinus plantations. The city of Ceuta lies within the site.

Key Biodiversity The site is a major migratory bottleneck, where more than 20,000 storks and raptors regularly pass in spring and autumn, including (seasonal totals in brackets) Pernis apivorus (10,000-48,000 birds), Milvus migrans (10,000-20,000) and Circaetus gallicus (250-3,300).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra passage  1995  86-198 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
White Stork Ciconia ciconia passage  1995  9,000 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis winter  1995  2,500-7,000 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis passage  1995  15,700 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  1995  30-80 individuals  medium  A1, C1  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus passage  1995  100-200 individuals  medium  B1iii, C2  Endangered 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus passage  1995  420-1,000 individuals  medium  A4ii, B1iii, C2  Least Concern 
Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii passage  1995  400 individuals  medium  A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2  Least Concern 
European Bee-eater Merops apiaster passage  1995  7,000-28,000 individuals  medium  B1iii, C3  Least Concern 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1995  21,000-81,700 individuals  medium  A4iv, B1iv, C5   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland  40%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  20%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  -
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores; Shingle & stony beaches  -
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 40%
military 10%
urban/industrial/transport 35%
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ceuta. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife