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Location Spain, Andalucía
Central coordinates 2o 5.00' West  37o 2.00' North
IBA criteria B2, C6
Area 82,880 ha
Altitude 700 - 2,045m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description Mountains dominated by Pinus and Quercus forests and Pinus plantations, with Juniperus scrub at higher altitudes. The main human activities are agriculture and hunting.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for breeding raptors.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Falco peregrinus resident  1993  13-17 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1993  10-12 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus resident  1993  50 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Circaetus gallicus breeding  1993  21-22 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  1993  15 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Sierra Maria Nature Park 32,378 protected area contained by site 18,962  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Native coniferous woodland  26%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  26%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry 26%
hunting -

Protection status National Partial International None18,962 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Sierra de Maria-Los Vélez, 18,962 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: María mountain range-Los Vélez. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife