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Location Panama, Darién
Central coordinates 78o 14.00' West  8o 17.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 13,805 ha
Altitude 0 - 336m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Sociedad Audubon de Panamá

Site description The Punta Patiño Nature Reserve, located on the southern side of the Gulf of San Miguel, includes the area of Punta Patiño and Punta Alegre and the lower valley of the Mogue River. The eastern border is formed by the Mogocénega River and the western by the Quebrada Metezuana and the Cordillera de Bernal. On its southern border, the reserve is contiguous with the Bagre Biological Corridor (31,175 ha), which forms a connection with Darien National Park. There are small settlements on the Mogue and Mogocénega Rivers and at Punta Alegre, and a road from the town of La Palma reaches Mogocénega.

Key Biodiversity The globally near-threatened Plumbeous Hawk, Harpy Eagle, Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle and Great Curassow have been recorded. It is likely that several endemics of the Darién Lowlands as well as additional threatened species also occur, since surveys of the avifauna are incomplete. The wetlands are important for migratory shorebirds, with a highest single-day count of 10,117 in February 1998 (Morrison et al. 1998). It is likely that the site might reach threshold levels for somes species at times, especially Whimbrel, but specific data is lacking.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals reported include Silky Anteater, Giant Anteater, Northern Naked-tailed Armadillo, Geoffroy's Tamarin, Western Night Monkey, Central American Spider Monkey, Capybara, Crab-eating Raccoon, Bush Dog, Ocelot, Margay, Jaguarundi, Puma, Jaguar and Baird's Tapir. American Crocodile also occurs (ANCON 1992).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Great Curassow Crax rubra breeding  2006  250-999 individuals  poor  A1  Vulnerable 
Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus winter  1988-1993  1,500 individuals  good  A4i  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bagre Biological Corridor 31,275 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Punta Patiño Wetland of International Importance 13,198 protected area contained by site 13,805  
Punta Patiño Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 13,805 protected area contained by site 13,805  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mangrove; Tropical semi-deciduous  19%
Artificial - terrestrial   major
Coastline   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research major
tourism/recreation major
fisheries/aquaculture minor

Protection status The area is comprised of two former cattle ranches that were purchased by the conservation group ANCON and declared a private reserve in 1992. The Punta Patiño Wetlands, consisting of the tidal mudflats of the area and a thin fringe of coast, were declared a Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar convention in 1994. The reserve overlaps with the Chepigana Forest Reserve (257,219 ha), created in 1984, but there are no park guards assigned to Chepigana.

References ANCON. 1992. Evaluación Ecológica Rápida: Punta Patiño. ANCON, Panamá. Angehr, George R. 2003. Directorio de areas importantes para aves en Panama. Directory of important bird areas in Panama. Panama: Sociedad Audubon de Panama. Morrison, R. I. G., R. W. Butler, E. S. Delgado, and R. K. Ross. 1998. Atlas of Nearctic Shorebirds and Other Waterbirds on the Coast of Panama. Canadian Wildlife Service, Ottawa.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Punta Patiño Nature Reserve and Wetlands. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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