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Location Panama, Darién
Central coordinates 78o 17.00' West  8o 6.00' North
IBA criteria A4i
Area 10,400 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Sociedad Audubon de Panamá

Site description The Ensenada de Garachiné is a bay formed by Punta Garachiné and Punta Patiño on the south side of the Gulf of San Miguel. The town of Garachiné is located at the western end of the bay.

Key Biodiversity The site is important for migratory shorebirds. The highest single day count was 7,898 in January 1993 (Morrison et al. 1998). Based on single-day counts, the site may contain 1.1% of the North American population of Whimbrel.

Non-bird biodiversity: Neotropical River Otter, Crab-eating Raccoon and American Crocodile probably occur.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus winter  1988-1993  656 individuals  good  A4i  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Chepigana Forest Reserve 36,379 protected area overlaps with site 3,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mangrove  29%
Coastline Intertidal mud, sand & salt flats  71%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture minor
fisheries/aquaculture minor

Protection status The mangroves are contained within the Chepigana Forest Reserve (257,219 ha), created in 1984, while the mudflats are unprotected.

References Angehr, George R. 2003. Directorio de areas importantes para aves en Panama. Directory of important bird areas in Panama. Panama: Sociedad Audubon de Panama. Morrison, R. I. G., R. W. Butler, E. S. Delgado, and R. K. Ross. 1998. Atlas of Nearctic Shorebirds and Other Waterbirds on the Coast of Panama. Canadian Wildlife Service, Ottawa.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ensenada de Garachiné Wetlands. Downloaded from on 20/10/2016

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