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Location Panama, Darién
Central coordinates 78o 24.00' West  8o 2.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 11,100 ha
Altitude 0 - 1,145m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Sociedad Audubon de Panamá

Site description This site includes the area from Punta Garachiné at the southwest end of the Gulf of San Miguel to the boundary of Darién National Park at Cerro Sapo and the Jesús River. On its eastern side the boundary follows the 100 m contour above the valleys of the San Antonio and Sambu Rivers, extending westward to the coast, and the site also includes the forest on Punta Garachiné. The highest point is Cerro Sapo (1,145 m). The site is adjacent to the Ensenada de Garachiné Wetlands.

Key Biodiversity The globally near-threatened Russet-crowned Quail-Dove and Rufous-cheeked Hummingbird are found, as well as several nationally threatened species, including the endemic Stripe-cheeked Woodpecker, Yellow-green Tyrannulet and Pirre Bush Tanager. Endemics of both the Darién Lowlands and Darién Highland EBAs occur in the area. Cerro Sapo has been visited by two ornithological expeditions, in 1925 and 1941, but is difficult of access and otherwise poorly known.

Non-bird biodiversity: The fauna is poorly known. Many of the species recorded for Darién National Park probably occur. The toad Atelopus certus occurs.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Russet-crowned Quail-dove Zentrygon goldmani breeding  2006  50-249 individuals  poor  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Pirre Hummingbird Goethalsia bella breeding  2006  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi winter  2006  250-999 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Chepigana Forest Reserve 36,379 protected area contains site 11,100  
Darien National Park World Heritage Site 597,000 protected area is adjacent to site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major
Artificial - terrestrial   major
Coastline   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture major
hunting minor
not utilised major

Protection status The area is part of the Chepigana Forest Reserve (257,219 ha), created in 1984. Due to its ornithological importance, the site merits inclusion in Darien National Park.

References Angehr, George R. 2003. Directorio de areas importantes para aves en Panama. Directory of important bird areas in Panama. Panama: Sociedad Audubon de Panama. Ridgely, Robert S., and John A. Gwynne. 1989. A Guide to the Birds of Panama (Second Edition). Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. Wetmore, Alexander. 1965. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 1. Tinamidae (Tinamous) to Rhynchopidae (Skimmers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1968. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 2. Columbidae (Pigeons) to Picidae (Woodpeckers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1973. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 3. Passeriformes: Dendrocolaptidae (Woodcreepers) to Oxyruncidae (Sharpbill). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander, Roger F. Pasquier, and Storrs L. Olson. 1984. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 4. Passeriformes: Hirundinidae (Swallows) to Fringillidae (Finches). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Punta Garachiné-Cerro Sapo. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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