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Location Panama, Darién,Panamá
Central coordinates 78o 33.00' West  8o 54.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 48,000 ha
Altitude 100 - 1,439m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Sociedad Audubon de Panamá



Site description The Serranía de Majé is an isolated mountain range on the Pacific slope, about 60 km long, 30 km south of the continental divide across the valley of the Bayano River and 15 km inland from the Pacific. The range rises gradually towards the east, with the highest point, Cerro Chucantí (1,439 m) at the eastern end. This part of the range is spectacular, with many steep bare rock towers. The Majecito, Majé, Ipetí, and Piriati Rivers drain into to Lake Bayano and the Bayano River to the north, and the Pasiga, La Maestra, Platanares, Chimán, and Congo Rivers drain into the Pacific on the south and east. The Majé Hydrological Reserve is located within the range, and the area is adjacent to the Chimán Wetlands on the coast.

Key Biodiversity The globally threatened Great Green Macaw occurs in the area, as do the globally near-threatened Harpy Eagle, Great Curassow, Russet-crowned Quail-Dove, Beautiful Treerunner, Black-billed Flycatcher, and Viridian Dacnis, and probably Crested Eagle, as well as many nationally threatened species. Such favored game species as Crested Guan and Great Curassow are fairly common inthe more remote parts of the range. The site contains 6 of 17 species (35%) of the Darién Highlands EBA, as well as several of the Darién Lowlands. Russet-crowned-Dove is represented by a subspecies endemic to the Serranía de Majé (Wetmore 1968). The remoter parts of the area are ornithologically poorly known, the only survey of the range above 1,000 m being that conducted by the Panama Audubon Society in 1996 (Angehr and Christian 2000).

Non-bird biodiversity: There are no published reports on the fauna. Mammals probably include Water Opossum, Central American Woolly Opossum, Silky Anteater, Northern Naked-tailed Armadillo, Geoffroy’s Tamarin, Western Night Monkey, Capybara, Crab-eating Raccoon, Neotropical River Otter, Ocelot, Margay, Jaguarundi, Puma, and Jaguar. Many of the reptiles and amphibians recorded from the Narganá Wildlands Area and Darién National Park may occur.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Great Curassow Crax rubra breeding  2006  250-999 individuals  poor  A1  Vulnerable 
Russet-crowned Quail-dove Zentrygon goldmani breeding  2006  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Great Green Macaw Ara ambiguus breeding  2006  20 individuals  poor  A1  Endangered 
Violet-capped Hummingbird Goldmania violiceps unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi winter  2006  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Beautiful Treerunner Margarornis bellulus breeding  2006  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Ochraceous Wren Troglodytes ochraceus unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Varied Solitaire Myadestes coloratus unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera winter  2006  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Tacarcuna Bush-tanager Chlorospingus tacarcunae unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 very high unfavourable low
Habitat
Unknown

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Forest   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major
Artificial - terrestrial   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture major
forestry major
rangeland/pastureland major
tourism/recreation minor

Protection status The area is presently unprotected. The higher elevations of this part of the area have been recommended for protection as a Biological Corridor in the Bayano Watershed Management Plan, but this recommendation has not been implemented. A Panama Audubon member has purchased land for a private reserve.

References Angehr, George R. 2003. Directorio de areas importantes para aves en Panama. Directory of important bird areas in Panama. Panama: Sociedad Audubon de Panama. Angehr, George R. and Daniel G. Christian. 2000. An ornithological survey of the Serranía de Majé, an isolated mountain range in eastern Panama. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club 120: 173-178. Wetmore, Alexander. 1965. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 1. Tinamidae (Tinamous) to Rhynchopidae (Skimmers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1968. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 2. Columbidae (Pigeons) to Picidae (Woodpeckers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1973. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 3. Passeriformes: Dendrocolaptidae (Woodcreepers) to Oxyruncidae (Sharpbill). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander, Roger F. Pasquier, and Storrs L. Olson. 1984. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 4. Passeriformes: Hirundinidae (Swallows) to Fringillidae (Finches). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Serranía de Majé. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/12/2014

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