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Location Panama, Colón,Panamá
Central coordinates 79o 28.00' West  9o 21.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 129,000 ha
Altitude 90 - 1,007m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Sociedad Audubon de Panamá



Site description Chagres National Park protects the upper Chagres River watershed above Lake Alajuela (Madden), (5,000 ha), a reservoir that provides water for the operation of the Panama Canal, as well as drinking water and hydroelectric power for Panama City. In the Chagres basin, the park includes the Boquerón, Pequení, and Las Cascadas tributaries of the Chagres. North of the Chagres basin, it includes the upper watersheds of the Nombre de Dios, Viento Frio, Cuango, Culebra, and Mandinga Rivers, which flow directly into the Caribbean. The highest point is at Cerro Jefe (1,007 m) in the southeast. The historic Spanish colonial road, the Camino Real from Panama City to Portobelo and Nombre de Dios, passes through the park.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Great Curassow Crax rubra breeding  2006  poor  A1  Vulnerable 
Plumbeous Hawk Leucopternis plumbeus breeding  2006  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Purplish-backed Quail-dove Geotrygon lawrencii unknown  2006  A2  Least Concern 
Russet-crowned Quail-dove Geotrygon goldmani breeding  2006  poor  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Stripe-cheeked Woodpecker Piculus callopterus unknown  2006  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-green Tyrannulet Phylloscartes flavovirens unknown  2006  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi winter  2006  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Spiny-faced Antshrike Xenornis setifrons breeding  2006  poor  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Black-crowned Antpitta Pittasoma michleri unknown  2006  A2  Least Concern 
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera winter  2006  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea passage  2006  poor  A1  Vulnerable 
Blue-and-gold Tanager Bangsia arcaei breeding  2006  poor  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Sulphur-rumped Tanager Heterospingus rubrifrons unknown  2006  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-and-yellow Tanager Chrysothlypis chrysomelas unknown  2006  A2  Least Concern 
Tawny-capped Euphonia Euphonia anneae unknown  2006  A2, A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Chagres National Park 131,261 is identical to site 129,000  
Corregimiento del Nargana Wildlife Refuge 100,000 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Portobelo National Park 35,835 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major
Artificial - terrestrial   minor
Wetlands (inland)   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research major
tourism/recreation minor
water management major
Notes: Part of Panama Canal Watershed.

Other biodiversity Mammals recorded or probably present include Water Opossum, Central American Woolly Opossum, Slaty Mouse Opossum, Giant Anteater, Silky Anteater, Northern Naked-tailed Armadillo, Geoff-roy’s Tamarin, Western Night Monkey, Central American Spider Monkey, Panamanian Spiny Pocket-Mouse, Capybara, Crab-eating Raccoon, Bush Dog, Olingo, Neotropical River Otter, Ocelot, Margay, Jaguarundi, Puma, Jaguar, and Baird’s Tapir. Reptiles and amphibians include the frogs and toads Atelopus limosus, Colosthetus flotator, C. inguinalis, Minyobates fulguritus, M. minutus, Phyllomedusa lemur, Eleutherodactylus gollmeri, E. museosus, and E. pardalis, the salamanders Bolitoglossa biseriata and B. schizodactyla, the lizards Sphaerodactylus lineolatus, Anadia vittata, Leposoma southi, Ptychoglossus festae, and Anolis poecilopus, and the snakes Rhadinaea sargenti, Urotheca fulviceps, and Micrurus stewarti (Ibáñez 1997c,d,e).

Protection status Chagres National Park was established in 1984. It is contiguous with Portobelo National Park along its northern boundary and the Narganá Wildlands Area in the east.

References Angehr, George R. 2003. Directorio de areas importantes para aves en Panama. Directory of important bird areas in Panama. Panama: Sociedad Audubon de Panama. Ibáñez, Roberto (ed.). 1997c. Informe Final de Inventario del Vertebrados Terrestres. Los Ríos Pequení y San Miguel, Parque Nacional Chagres. USAID/ANAM/STRI, Panama. Ibáñez, Roberto (ed.). 1997d. Informe Final de Inventario del Vertebrados Terrestres. Quebrada las Pavas, Parque Nacional Chagres. USAID/ANAM/STRI, Panama. Ibáñez, Roberto (ed.). 1997e. Informe Final de Inventario del Vertebrados Terrestres. Cerro Brewster, Parque Nacional Chagres. USAID/ANAM/STRI, Panama. Ridgely, Robert S., and John A. Gwynne. 1989. A Guide to the Birds of Panama (Second Edition). Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. Wetmore, Alexander. 1965. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 1. Tinamidae (Tinamous) to Rhynchopidae (Skimmers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1968. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 2. Columbidae (Pigeons) to Picidae (Woodpeckers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1973. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 3. Passeriformes: Dendrocolaptidae (Woodcreepers) to Oxyruncidae (Sharpbill). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander, Roger F. Pasquier, and Storrs L. Olson. 1984. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 4. Passeriformes: Hirundinidae (Swallows) to Fringillidae (Finches). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Chagres National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2014

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