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Location Panama, Panamá
Central coordinates 79o 33.00' West  8o 59.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4iv
Area 265 ha
Altitude 15 - 120m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Sociedad Audubon de Panamá

Site description Metropolitan Nature Park is an urban park at the edge of Panama City. It is adjacent to Camino de Cruces National Park in the north and to the Curundu and Los Angeles sections of Panama City to the south, east, and west.

Key Biodiversity Metropolitan Nature Park is an important bottleneck site for migratory raptors. In 2004 a total of 732348 Turkey Vultures, 55,061 Broad-winged Hawks, and 322,469 Swainson's Hawks were counted on autumn migration. Many of these probably used the park as an overnight roost. Several nationally threatened and biome-restricted species also occur, including the nationally endemic Yellowish-green Tyrannulet.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals that are known or probably occur include Central American Woolly Opossum, Silky Anteater, Geoffroy’s Tamarin, Panamanian Spiny Pocket-Mouse, Ocelot, and Jaguarundi. The reptiles and amphibians have not been surveyed in detail but some of the species found in Soberanía National Park may occur.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera winter  2006  50-249 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  2004-2005  1,000,000-2,499,999 individuals  good  A4iv   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Metropolitano Natural Monument 251 is identical to site 265  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major
Artificial - terrestrial   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research major
tourism/recreation major

Protection status Metropolitan Nature Park was created in 1985 in part of the U.S.-administered Canal Zone that reverted to Panama in 1979. Six park guards are assigned to it.

References Angehr, George R. 2003. Directorio de areas importantes para aves en Panama. Directory of important bird areas in Panama. Panama: Sociedad Audubon de Panama.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Metropolitan Nature Park. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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