|Central coordinates||79o 33.00' West 8o 59.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4iv|
|Altitude||15 - 120m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Ornithological information Metropolitan Nature Park is an important bottleneck site for migratory raptors. In 2004 a total of 732348 Turkey Vultures, 55,061 Broad-winged Hawks, and 322,469 Swainson's Hawks were counted on autumn migration. Many of these probably used the park as an overnight roost. Several nationally threatened and biome-restricted species also occur, including the nationally endemic Yellowish-green Tyrannulet.
Site description Metropolitan Nature Park is an urban park at the edge of Panama City. It is adjacent to Camino de Cruces National Park in the north and to the Curundu and Los Angeles sections of Panama City to the south, east, and west.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura||passage||2004-2005||732,348 individuals||good||Least Concern|
|Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus||passage||2004-2005||55,061 individuals||good||Least Concern|
|Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni||passage||2004-2005||322,469 individuals||good||Least Concern|
|Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi||winter||2006||30 individuals||poor||Near Threatened|
|Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera||winter||2006||-||poor||A1||Near Threatened|
|Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea||passage||2006||rare individuals||poor||Vulnerable|
|A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes||passage||2004-2005||-||good||A4iv|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Metropolitano||Natural Monument||251||is identical to site||265|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial landscapes (terrestrial)||minor|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||major|
Other biodiversity Mammals that are known or probably occur include Central American Woolly Opossum, Silky Anteater, Geoffroy’s Tamarin, Panamanian Spiny Pocket-Mouse, Ocelot, and Jaguarundi. The reptiles and amphibians have not been surveyed in detail but some of the species found in Soberanía National Park may occur.
Management considerations In 1995 the law establishing the park was amended to permit construction of the Northern Corridor Highway, dividing the park and destroying forest in the eastern sector, before an environmental impact assessment had been completed, leading to strong opposition from many of Panama’s environmental and civil organizations including PAS. Some of the mitigations and compensation promised by PYCSA, the company constructing the highway, have never been made. Only a few minutes from downtown Panama City, it is of exceptional interest for ecotourism and environmental education, and there are several nature trails.
Protection status Metropolitan Nature Park was created in 1985 in part of the U.S.-administered Canal Zone that reverted to Panama in 1979. Six park guards are assigned to it.
Conservation response The park has been the focus of important studies on forest canopy ecology, using a tower construction crane, by the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute and the United Nations Environment Program.
References Angehr, George R. 2003. Directorio de areas importantes para aves en Panama. Directory of important bird areas in Panama. Panama: Sociedad Audubon de Panama.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Metropolitan Nature Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/05/2013
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