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Location Panama, Panamá
Central coordinates 79o 35.00' West  9o 2.00' North
IBA criteria A4iv
Area 4,000 ha
Altitude 15 - 269m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Sociedad Audubon de Panamá

Site description Camino de Cruces National Park includes part of the former U.S.-administered Canal Zone east of the canal, between Panama City and Metropolitan Nature Park in the south and Soberanía National Park in the north. The terrain is broken, with the high point (269 m) near the northern boundary. The Gaillard and Northern Corridor highways run along the western and eastern sides respectively of the park. An access highway for the Centennial Bridge has recently been constructed accross the park. The park contains part of the historic Spanish colonial Camino de Cruces Trail and the ruins of Cárdenas Chapel.

Key Biodiversity Camino de Cruces is an important bottleneck site for migratory raptors. In 2004 a total of 350,766 Turkey Vultures, 236,445 Broad-winged Hawks, and 241,062 Swainson's Hawks were counted on autumn migration. Many of these probably used the area as an overnight roost. Several nationally threatened species occur, as well as the endemic Yellow-green Tyrannulet of the Darién Lowlands EBA.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals that are known or probably occur include Central American Wooly Opossum, Silky Anteater, Geoffroy’s Tamarin, Western Night Mon-key, Panamanian Spiny Pocket-Mouse, Capybara, Olingo, Neotropical River Otter, Ocelot, Margay, and Jaguarundi. The reptiles and amphibians have not been surveyed in detail but many of the species found in Soberanía National Park probably occur. The snake Trimetopon barbouri has been recorded.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  2004-2005  500,000-999,999 individuals  good  A4iv   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Camino de Cruces National Park 4,663 is identical to site 4,000  
Metropolitano Natural Monument 251 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Soberania National Park 19,544 protected area is adjacent to site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major
Artificial - terrestrial   minor
Wetlands (inland)   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research major
water management major

Protection status Camino de Cruces National Park was created in 1992, and a small section of Fort Clayton, a former U.S. military base, was added when it reverted to Panama in 1999. There are five park guards.

References Angehr, George R. 2003. Directorio de areas importantes para aves en Panama. Directory of important bird areas in Panama. Panama: Sociedad Audubon de Panama.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Camino de Cruces National Park. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

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