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Location Spain, Comunidad de Madrid
Central coordinates 3o 18.00' West  40o 19.00' North
IBA criteria A1, C1, C6
Area 8,000 ha
Altitude 700 - 800m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description An area of steppe to the east of Madrid with extensive arable cultivation and also olive-groves, vineyards and patches of scrub.

Key Biodiversity This is an important area for steppic species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Great Bustard Otis tarda resident  1997  80-120 breeding pairs  good  A1, C1, C6  Vulnerable 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax resident  1997  160-300 breeding pairs  good  A1, C1, C6  Near Threatened 

IBA Monitoring

2007 high near favourable negligible
Habitat
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) very rapid to severe deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) very rapid to severe deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable
Artificial - terrestrial Perennial crops, orchards and groves  0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Circus pygargus Montagu's Harrier 2 3 breeding pairs 100 not assessed
Otis tarda Great Bustard 80 65 breeding pairs 82 not assessed
Tetrax tetrax Little Bustard 300 300 breeding pairs 100 not assessed

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  5%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land  95%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 80%
hunting 100%
urban/industrial/transport 20%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Alcarria de Alcalá steppes. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife