|Central coordinates||79o 57.00' West 8o 42.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||220 - 1,007m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Ornithological information The site contains 4 of 11 species (36%) of the Central American Caribbean Slope. Orange-bellied Trogon, of the Costa Rica and Panama Highlands EBA also occurs. Black Guan has been recorded in the past but may now be extirpated. Several nationally threatened and biome-restricted species also occur.
Site description Altos de Campana National Park, 50 km west of Panama City near the town of Capira, includes Cerros Campana (1,007 m), Trinidad (988 m), Peña Blanca (907 m), and Los Monos (893 m) and the headwaters of the Capira and Chame Rivers on the Pacific slope, and the Trinidad River, part of the Panama Canal watershed, on the Caribbean slope. The low point (220 m) is on the Trinidad River in the northwest. The park is noted for its remarkable steep rock formations. The park is easily accessible by road and well known ornithologically.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Purplish-backed Quail-dove Geotrygon lawrencii||unknown||2006||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi||winter||2006||-||poor||A1||Near Threatened|
|Black-crowned Antpitta Pittasoma michleri||unknown||2006||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera||winter||2006||-||poor||A1||Near Threatened|
|Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea||passage||2006||-||poor||A1||Vulnerable|
|Black-and-yellow Tanager Chrysothlypis chrysomelas||unknown||2006||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Tawny-capped Euphonia Euphonia anneae||unknown||2006||-||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Altos de Campana||National Park||4,921||is identical to site||4,816|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial landscapes (terrestrial)||major|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||major|
Other biodiversity Mammals recorded or probably present include Central American Woolly Opossum, Silky Anteater, Geoffroy’s Tamarin, Panamanian Spiny Pocket-Mouse, Ocelot, and Jaguarundi. Reptiles and amphibians include the frogs and toads Atelopus varius, A. zeteki, Bufo coccifer, Minyobates minutus, Phyllomedusa lemur, Eleutherodactylus gollmeri, E. noblei, E. pardalis, E. punctariolus, and Rana cf. pipiens, the salamanders Bolitoglossa colonnea and B. schizodactyla, the lizards Leposoma southi and Anolis lionotus, and the snake Micrurus stewarti (Ibáñez 1997 and other literature).
Management considerations Approximately 2,600 ha, or 54% of the park, has been deforested, including almost all of the area below 600 m. The area has considerable potential for tourism due to its proximity to Panama City and popular beaches on the coast.
Protection status Altos de Campana, established in 1966, was Panama’s first national park. Six park guards are assigned to it. There are several hiking trails and an interpretive nature trail as well as a visitor's cabin.
Conservation response None known.
References Angehr, George R. 2003. Directorio de areas importantes para aves en Panama. Directory of important bird areas in Panama. Panama: Sociedad Audubon de Panama. Ibáñez, Roberto (ed.). 1997b. Informe Final de Inventario del Vertebrados Terrestres. La Cabecera del Río Trinidad en Cerro los Monos, Parque Nacional Altos de Campana. USAID/ANAM/STRI, Panama. Ridgely, Robert S., and John A. Gwynne. 1989. A Guide to the Birds of Panama (Second Edition). Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. Wetmore, Alexander. 1965. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 1. Tinamidae (Tinamous) to Rhynchopidae (Skimmers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1968. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 2. Columbidae (Pigeons) to Picidae (Woodpeckers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1973. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 3. Passeriformes: Dendrocolaptidae (Woodcreepers) to Oxyruncidae (Sharpbill). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander, Roger F. Pasquier, and Storrs L. Olson. 1984. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 4. Passeriformes: Hirundinidae (Swallows) to Fringillidae (Finches). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Altos de Campana National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/06/2013
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