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Location Panama, Panamá
Central coordinates 79o 57.00' West  8o 42.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 4,816 ha
Altitude 220 - 1,007m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Sociedad Audubon de Panamá

Site description Altos de Campana National Park, 50 km west of Panama City near the town of Capira, includes Cerros Campana (1,007 m), Trinidad (988 m), Peña Blanca (907 m), and Los Monos (893 m) and the headwaters of the Capira and Chame Rivers on the Pacific slope, and the Trinidad River, part of the Panama Canal watershed, on the Caribbean slope. The low point (220 m) is on the Trinidad River in the northwest. The park is noted for its remarkable steep rock formations. The park is easily accessible by road and well known ornithologically.

Key Biodiversity The site contains 4 of 11 species (36%) of the Central American Caribbean Slope. Orange-bellied Trogon, of the Costa Rica and Panama Highlands EBA also occurs. Black Guan has been recorded in the past but may now be extirpated. Several nationally threatened and biome-restricted species also occur.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals recorded or probably present include Central American Woolly Opossum, Silky Anteater, Geoffroy’s Tamarin, Panamanian Spiny Pocket-Mouse, Ocelot, and Jaguarundi. Reptiles and amphibians include the frogs and toads Atelopus varius, A. zeteki, Bufo coccifer, Minyobates minutus, Phyllomedusa lemur, Eleutherodactylus gollmeri, E. noblei, E. pardalis, E. punctariolus, and Rana cf. pipiens, the salamanders Bolitoglossa colonnea and B. schizodactyla, the lizards Leposoma southi and Anolis lionotus, and the snake Micrurus stewarti (Ibáñez 1997 and other literature).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Purplish-backed Quail-dove Zentrygon lawrencii unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi winter  2006  50-249 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Black-crowned Antpitta Pittasoma michleri unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera winter  2006  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea passage  2006  50-249 individuals  poor  A1  Vulnerable 
Black-and-yellow Tanager Chrysothlypis chrysomelas unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Tawny-capped Euphonia Euphonia anneae unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Altos de Campana National Park 4,921 is identical to site 4,816  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   major
Forest   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research major
tourism/recreation major

Protection status Altos de Campana, established in 1966, was Panama’s first national park. Six park guards are assigned to it. There are several hiking trails and an interpretive nature trail as well as a visitor's cabin.

References Angehr, George R. 2003. Directorio de areas importantes para aves en Panama. Directory of important bird areas in Panama. Panama: Sociedad Audubon de Panama. Ibáñez, Roberto (ed.). 1997b. Informe Final de Inventario del Vertebrados Terrestres. La Cabecera del Río Trinidad en Cerro los Monos, Parque Nacional Altos de Campana. USAID/ANAM/STRI, Panama. Ridgely, Robert S., and John A. Gwynne. 1989. A Guide to the Birds of Panama (Second Edition). Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. Wetmore, Alexander. 1965. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 1. Tinamidae (Tinamous) to Rhynchopidae (Skimmers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1968. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 2. Columbidae (Pigeons) to Picidae (Woodpeckers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1973. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 3. Passeriformes: Dendrocolaptidae (Woodcreepers) to Oxyruncidae (Sharpbill). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander, Roger F. Pasquier, and Storrs L. Olson. 1984. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 4. Passeriformes: Hirundinidae (Swallows) to Fringillidae (Finches). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Altos de Campana National Park. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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