|Central coordinates||79o 36.77' West 9o 31.33' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||0 - 979m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Site description Portobelo National Park extends from the coast between Buenaventura and San Cristobal Bays inland to the mountains forming the northern rim of the Chagres River watershed. It includes the headwaters of the Boquerón, Gatún, and Piedras Rivers on its southern side and the Cascajal on the north. The highest pont is Cerro Bruja (979 m). The park is contiguous with Chagres National Park on its inland side. The coastal area is easily accessible by road, but higher elevations are more difficult to reach and poorly known ornithologically. The impressive Spanish colonial forts and other ruins surrounding Portobelo town are a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Key Biodiversity The globally threatened endemic Speckled Antshrike occurs on Cerro Bruja, and the globally near-threatened Great Curassow, Harpy Eagle and Blue-and-gold Tanager are also found. The globally near threatened Plumbeous Hawk and Crested Eagle also certainly occur although specific records are lacking. The site contains 6 of 15 species (40%) of the Darién Lowlands EBA, plus a few species of the Darién Highlands EBA and several nationally threatened species.
Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals recorded or probably present include Central American Wooly Opossum, Giant Anteater, Silky Anteater, Northern Naked-tailed Armadillo, Geoffroy's Tamarin, Western Night Monkey, Central American Spider Monkey, Capybara, Crab-eating Raccoon, Bush Dog, Olingo, Neotropical River Otter, Ocelot, Margay, Jaguarundi, Jaguar and Baird's Tapir. Slaty Mouse Opossum is likely to occur. Reptiles and amphibians include the frogs Atelopus limosus, Colosthetus flotator, Minyobates minutus, Eleutherodactylus raniformis and E. puntariolus, the salamander Bolitoglossa schizodactyla, the lizards Sphaerodactylus lineolatus, Leposoma southi and Anolis poecilopus, and the snake Rhadinaea sargenti (Ibáñez 1997).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Great Curassow Crax rubra||breeding||2006||250-999 individuals||poor||A1||Vulnerable|
|Purplish-backed Quail-dove Zentrygon lawrencii||unknown||2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Stripe-cheeked Woodpecker Piculus callopterus||unknown||2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Spiny-faced Antshrike Xenornis setifrons||breeding||2006||250-999 individuals||poor||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Black-crowned Antpitta Pittasoma michleri||unknown||2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera||winter||2006||2,500-9,999 individuals||poor||A1||Near Threatened|
|Blue-and-gold Tanager Bangsia arcaei||breeding||2006||250-999 individuals||poor||A1, A2||Near Threatened|
|Sulphur-rumped Tanager Heterospingus rubrifrons||unknown||2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Tawny-capped Euphonia Euphonia anneae||unknown||2006||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Portobelo||National Park||35,835||is identical to site||35,929|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||major|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||major|
|Notes: The town of Portobelo is within the park.|
|Notes: Part of Panama Canal watershed.|
Protection status Portobelo National Park, established in 1976, was one of Panama's first national parks. Five park guards are assigned to it.
References Angehr, George R. 2003. Directorio de areas importantes para aves en Panama. Directory of important bird areas in Panama. Panama: Sociedad Audubon de Panama. Ibáñez, Roberto (ed.). 1997a. Informe Final de Inventario del Vertebrados Terrestres. Cerro Bruja. USAID/ANAM/STRI, Panama. Ridgely, Robert S., and John A. Gwynne. 1989. A Guide to the Birds of Panama (Second Edition). Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. Wetmore, Alexander. 1965. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 1. Tinamidae (Tinamous) to Rhynchopidae (Skimmers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1968. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 2. Columbidae (Pigeons) to Picidae (Woodpeckers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1973. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 3. Passeriformes: Dendrocolaptidae (Woodcreepers) to Oxyruncidae (Sharpbill). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander, Roger F. Pasquier, and Storrs L. Olson. 1984. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 4. Passeriformes: Hirundinidae (Swallows) to Fringillidae (Finches). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Portobelo National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/02/2016
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