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Location Panama, Colón
Central coordinates 79o 36.77' West  9o 31.33' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 35,929 ha
Altitude 0 - 979m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Sociedad Audubon de Panamá



Site description Portobelo National Park extends from the coast between Buenaventura and San Cristobal Bays inland to the mountains forming the northern rim of the Chagres River watershed. It includes the headwaters of the Boquerón, Gatún, and Piedras Rivers on its southern side and the Cascajal on the north. The highest pont is Cerro Bruja (979 m). The park is contiguous with Chagres National Park on its inland side. The coastal area is easily accessible by road, but higher elevations are more difficult to reach and poorly known ornithologically. The impressive Spanish colonial forts and other ruins surrounding Portobelo town are a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Great Curassow Crax rubra breeding  2006  250-999 individuals  poor  A1  Vulnerable 
Purplish-backed Quail-dove Geotrygon lawrencii unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Stripe-cheeked Woodpecker Piculus callopterus unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Spiny-faced Antshrike Xenornis setifrons breeding  2006  250-999 individuals  poor  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Black-crowned Antpitta Pittasoma michleri unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera winter  2006  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Blue-and-gold Tanager Bangsia arcaei breeding  2006  250-999 individuals  poor  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Sulphur-rumped Tanager Heterospingus rubrifrons unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Tawny-capped Euphonia Euphonia anneae unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Portobelo National Park 35,835 is identical to site 35,929  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   major
Forest Mangrove  major
Coastline   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture major
nature conservation and research major
tourism/recreation major
urban/industrial/transport minor
Notes: The town of Portobelo is within the park.
water management major
Notes: Part of Panama Canal watershed.

Other biodiversity Mammals recorded or probably present include Central American Wooly Opossum, Giant Anteater, Silky Anteater, Northern Naked-tailed Armadillo, Geoffroy's Tamarin, Western Night Monkey, Central American Spider Monkey, Capybara, Crab-eating Raccoon, Bush Dog, Olingo, Neotropical River Otter, Ocelot, Margay, Jaguarundi, Jaguar and Baird's Tapir. Slaty Mouse Opossum is likely to occur. Reptiles and amphibians include the frogs Atelopus limosus, Colosthetus flotator, Minyobates minutus, Eleutherodactylus raniformis and E. puntariolus, the salamander Bolitoglossa schizodactyla, the lizards Sphaerodactylus lineolatus, Leposoma southi and Anolis poecilopus, and the snake Rhadinaea sargenti (Ibáñez 1997).

Protection status Portobelo National Park, established in 1976, was one of Panama's first national parks. Five park guards are assigned to it.

References Angehr, George R. 2003. Directorio de areas importantes para aves en Panama. Directory of important bird areas in Panama. Panama: Sociedad Audubon de Panama. Ibáñez, Roberto (ed.). 1997a. Informe Final de Inventario del Vertebrados Terrestres. Cerro Bruja. USAID/ANAM/STRI, Panama. Ridgely, Robert S., and John A. Gwynne. 1989. A Guide to the Birds of Panama (Second Edition). Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. Wetmore, Alexander. 1965. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 1. Tinamidae (Tinamous) to Rhynchopidae (Skimmers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1968. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 2. Columbidae (Pigeons) to Picidae (Woodpeckers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1973. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 3. Passeriformes: Dendrocolaptidae (Woodcreepers) to Oxyruncidae (Sharpbill). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander, Roger F. Pasquier, and Storrs L. Olson. 1984. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 4. Passeriformes: Hirundinidae (Swallows) to Fringillidae (Finches). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Portobelo National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/07/2014

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