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Location Panama, Herrera
Central coordinates 82o 39.00' West  8o 7.00' North
IBA criteria A4i
Area 7,500 ha
Altitude 0 - 15m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Sociedad Audubon de Panamá

Site description This site includes the Las Macanas Multiple-Use Area and surrounding agricultural areas. Las Macanas contains a small lake and associated marshes near the Santa María River between the towns of El Rincón and Paris.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus breeding  2005  250-999 individuals  poor  A4i  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ciénega de las Macanas Designation Not Known 2,000 protected area contained by site 2,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   major
Wetlands (inland)   major
Grassland   minor
Forest Mangrove  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture major
fisheries/aquaculture minor
nature conservation and research major
rangeland/pastureland major
tourism/recreation minor
water management major

Other biodiversity Neotropical River Otter and American Crocodile occur (Delgado 1985).

Protection status The Las Macanas Multiple Use Area was established in 1996. Two park guards are assigned to the area. This protection category places few restrictions on use of the area beyond those on forest clearing and hunting that are applicable nationally. Crop dusting is prohibited andthe use of water for irrigation is regulated, but fishing and cultivation of areas that lack forest are permitted. Recently an observation tower and other facilities have been constructed to serve tourists visiting the area.

References Angehr, George R. 2003. Directorio de areas importantes para aves en Panama. Directory of important bird areas in Panama. Panama: Sociedad Audubon de Panama. Angehr, George R. and James A. Kushlan. Seabird and colonial wadingbird nesting in the Gulf of Panama. Submitted to Waterbirds. Delgado, Francisco. 1985. Panama. in: Scott, Derek A. and Montserrat Carbonell (compilers). A Directory of Neotropical Wetlands, IUCN, Cambridge, U.K., pp. 420-438.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Santa María Wetlands. Downloaded from on 22/09/2014

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