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Location Panama
Central coordinates 80o 6.00' West  8o 39.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 10,600 ha
Altitude 600 - 1,185m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Sociedad Audubon de Panamá

Site description This IBA includes the remaining forests to the north of the town of El Valle de Antón, which is surrounded by the caldera of an extinct volcano. The area includes the peaks of Cerros Gaital (1,185 m) and Peludo (1,185 m), the high points, as well as Turega (900 m), Valle Chiquito (1,120 m) and San Andrés (1,026 m). The area forms the upper watersheds of the Estancia, Antón, Farallón, Las Guías and Mata Ahogado Rivers on the Pacific slope and the San Miguel, Indio and Cirí Grande on the Caribbean. The town of El Valle is a popular tourist destination and easily accessible by road.

Key Biodiversity With Altos de Campana National Park, the area is the easternmost outlier of the Talamanca Highlands. The area is estimated to have a threshold population of Black Guan. The area contains 4 of 11 species (36%) of the Central American Caribbean Slope EBA. Several nationally threatened species and a few endemics of the Costa Rica and Panama Highlands EBA also occur.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals probably include Central American Wooly Opossum, Silky Anteater, Geoffroy's Tamarin, Ocelot and Jaguarundi. Reptiles and amphibians include the frogs and toads Bufo coccifer, Minyobates minutus, Phyllomedusa lemur, and Eleutherodactylus punctariolus; the salamander Bolitoglossa schizodactyla, the caecilian Caecilia volcani, the lizards Anadia ocellata and Morunasaurus groi, and the snakes Rhadinaea vermiculaticeps, Sibon annulata, Urotheca guentheri, and Micrurus stewarti. The toad Atelopus zeteki formerly occurred but has been extirpated (R. Ibáñez pers. com).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Guan Chamaepetes unicolor breeding  2006  50-249 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi winter  2006  50-249 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera winter  2006  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Cerro Gaital Natural Monument 240 protected area contained by site 500  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major
Artificial - terrestrial   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture minor
nature conservation and research minor
rangeland/pastureland minor
tourism/recreation minor

Protection status Cerro Gaital and adjacent areas (335 ha) was declared a Nature Monument in 2001. However, the area is to small to be effective for protection of most of the wildlife found there.

References Angehr, George R. 2003. Directorio de areas importantes para aves en Panama. Directory of important bird areas in Panama. Panama: Sociedad Audubon de Panama. Ridgely, Robert S., and John A. Gwynne. 1989. A Guide to the Birds of Panama (Second Edition). Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. Wetmore, Alexander. 1965. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 1. Tinamidae (Tinamous) to Rhynchopidae (Skimmers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1968. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 2. Columbidae (Pigeons) to Picidae (Woodpeckers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1973. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 3. Passeriformes: Dendrocolaptidae (Woodcreepers) to Oxyruncidae (Sharpbill). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander, Roger F. Pasquier, and Storrs L. Olson. 1984. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 4. Passeriformes: Hirundinidae (Swallows) to Fringillidae (Finches). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: El Valle de Antón. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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