|Central coordinates||80o 6.00' West 8o 39.00' North|
|Altitude||600 - 1,185m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2007|
Site description This IBA includes the remaining forests to the north of the town of El Valle de Antón, which is surrounded by the caldera of an extinct volcano. The area includes the peaks of Cerros Gaital (1,185 m) and Peludo (1,185 m), the high points, as well as Turega (900 m), Valle Chiquito (1,120 m) and San Andrés (1,026 m). The area forms the upper watersheds of the Estancia, Antón, Farallón, Las Guías and Mata Ahogado Rivers on the Pacific slope and the San Miguel, Indio and Cirí Grande on the Caribbean. The town of El Valle is a popular tourist destination and easily accessible by road.
Key Biodiversity With Altos de Campana National Park, the area is the easternmost outlier of the Talamanca Highlands. The area is estimated to have a threshold population of Black Guan. The area contains 4 of 11 species (36%) of the Central American Caribbean Slope EBA. Several nationally threatened species and a few endemics of the Costa Rica and Panama Highlands EBA also occur.
Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals probably include Central American Wooly Opossum, Silky Anteater, Geoffroy's Tamarin, Ocelot and Jaguarundi. Reptiles and amphibians include the frogs and toads Bufo coccifer, Minyobates minutus, Phyllomedusa lemur, and Eleutherodactylus punctariolus; the salamander Bolitoglossa schizodactyla, the caecilian Caecilia volcani, the lizards Anadia ocellata and Morunasaurus groi, and the snakes Rhadinaea vermiculaticeps, Sibon annulata, Urotheca guentheri, and Micrurus stewarti. The toad Atelopus zeteki formerly occurred but has been extirpated (R. Ibáñez pers. com).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Black Guan Chamaepetes unicolor||breeding||2006||50-249 individuals||poor||A1||Near Threatened|
|Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi||winter||2006||50-249 individuals||poor||A1||Near Threatened|
|Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera||winter||2006||1,000-2,499 individuals||poor||A1||Near Threatened|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Cerro Gaital||Natural Monument||240||protected area contained by site||500|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||major|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||minor|
Protection status Cerro Gaital and adjacent areas (335 ha) was declared a Nature Monument in 2001. However, the area is to small to be effective for protection of most of the wildlife found there.
References Angehr, George R. 2003. Directorio de areas importantes para aves en Panama. Directory of important bird areas in Panama. Panama: Sociedad Audubon de Panama. Ridgely, Robert S., and John A. Gwynne. 1989. A Guide to the Birds of Panama (Second Edition). Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. Wetmore, Alexander. 1965. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 1. Tinamidae (Tinamous) to Rhynchopidae (Skimmers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1968. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 2. Columbidae (Pigeons) to Picidae (Woodpeckers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1973. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 3. Passeriformes: Dendrocolaptidae (Woodcreepers) to Oxyruncidae (Sharpbill). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander, Roger F. Pasquier, and Storrs L. Olson. 1984. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 4. Passeriformes: Hirundinidae (Swallows) to Fringillidae (Finches). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: El Valle de Antón. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/10/2016
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