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Location Panama, Coclé,Colón
Central coordinates 80o 40.00' West  8o 41.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 25,257 ha
Altitude 80 - 1,710m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Sociedad Audubon de Panamá



Site description Omar Torrijos National Park, above the town of El Copé, includes the easternmost part of the main cordillera of western Panama. It is contiguous with Santa Fé National Park and the Golfo de los Mosquitos Forests. The height of the main divide in the park decreases from a 1,710 m peak (unnamed on maps) near the western boundary to Cerro Peña Blanca (710 m) in the east. The park contains the upper watersheds of the Río Grande on the Pacific slope and the Belén and Coclé del Norte Rivers on the Caribbean, with the low point (80 m) on the Belén. A four-wheel-drive road reaches the park from El Copé, rising to 910 m before descending on the Caribbean slope, and a gravel road to Coclesito passes near the eastern end of the park. The road above El Copé is a popular birding destination, but the higher peaks in the west and the Caribbean lowlands have never been ornithologically surveyed.

Key Biodiversity The globally threatened Red-fronted Parrotlet, Three-wattled Bellbird and Bare-necked Umbrellabird occur, as well as the near-threatened Black Guan and Blue-and-gold Tanager. The near-threatened Resplendent Quetzal and Great Curassow almost certainly occur. The park contains 5 of 11 species (45%) of South Central American Caribbean Slope EBA, and EBA 019. Contains 21 of 54 species (39%) of the Costa Rica and Panama Highlands EBA. The park also contains many nationally threatened species. A breeding site of Orange-breasted Falcon, for which there have been only five previous records from Panama, has recently been located (A. Palleroni pers. com.).

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals probably include Water Opossum, Central American Wooly Opossum, Silky Anteater, Northern Naked-tailed Armadillo, Geoffroy's Tamarin, Central American Spider Monkey, Panamanian Spiny Pocket Mouse, Olingo, Neotropical River Otter, Ocelot, Margay, Jaguarundi, Puma, Jaguar and Baird's Tapir. Amphibians include the frogs and toads Atelopus varius, A. zeteki, Colosthetus flotator, C. inguinalis, Dendrobates vicentei, Eleutherodactylus museosus and E. pardalis,* and the salamander Bolitoglossa schizodactyla.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Prong-billed Barbet Semnornis frantzii unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Black Guan Chamaepetes unicolor breeding  2006  250-999 individuals  poor  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Black-breasted Wood-quail Odontophorus leucolaemus unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Purplish-backed Quail-dove Zentrygon lawrencii unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Chiriqui Quail-dove Zentrygon chiriquensis unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Red-fronted Parrotlet Touit costaricensis breeding  2006  50-249 individuals  poor  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
White-tailed Emerald Elvira chionura unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Purple-throated Mountain-gem Lampornis calolaemus unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Trogon aurantiiventris unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Not Recognised 
Lattice-tailed Trogon Trogon clathratus unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Three-wattled Bellbird Procnias tricarunculatus breeding  2006  250-999 individuals  poor  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Golden-bellied Flycatcher Myiodynastes hemichrysus unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Silvery-fronted Tapaculo Scytalopus argentifrons unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Black-crowned Antpitta Pittasoma michleri unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Ruddy Treerunner Margarornis rubiginosus unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Streak-breasted Treehunter Thripadectes rufobrunneus unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Black-faced Solitaire Myadestes melanops unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera winter  2006  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea passage  2006  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A1  Vulnerable 
Collared Redstart Myioborus torquatus unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Wrenthrush Zeledonia coronata unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Sooty-faced Finch Arremon crassirostris unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Blue-and-gold Tanager Bangsia arcaei breeding  2006  250-999 individuals  poor  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Spangle-cheeked Tanager Tangara dowii unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Black-and-yellow Tanager Chrysothlypis chrysomelas unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Tawny-capped Euphonia Euphonia anneae unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Golden-browed Chlorophonia Chlorophonia callophrys unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Black-thighed Grosbeak Pheucticus tibialis unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
General de División Omar Torrijos Herrera National Park 26,290 is identical to site 25,257  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   major
Forest   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research major
agriculture minor

Protection status Omar Torrijos National Park was declared in 1986, and there are five park guards assigned to it. New vistor's facilities, including a visitor center and cabin, have recently been constructed.

References Angehr, George R. 2003. Directorio de areas importantes para aves en Panama. Directory of important bird areas in Panama. Panama: Sociedad Audubon de Panama. Angehr, George R., Dodge Engleman, and Lorna Engleman. 2006. Where to Find Birds in Panama: A Site Guide for Birders. Panama Audubon Society, Panama City, Panama. Ridgely, Robert S., and John A. Gwynne. 1989. A Guide to the Birds of Panama (Second Edition). Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. Wetmore, Alexander. 1965. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 1. Tinamidae (Tinamous) to Rhynchopidae (Skimmers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1968. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 2. Columbidae (Pigeons) to Picidae (Woodpeckers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1973. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 3. Passeriformes: Dendrocolaptidae (Woodcreepers) to Oxyruncidae (Sharpbill). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander, Roger F. Pasquier, and Storrs L. Olson. 1984. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 4. Passeriformes: Hirundinidae (Swallows) to Fringillidae (Finches). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: General de División Omar Torrijos Herrera National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/11/2014

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