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Location Panama, Veraguas
Central coordinates 80o 55.80' West  8o 39.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 72,636 ha
Altitude 80 - 1,964m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Sociedad Audubon de Panamá



Site description Santa Fe National Park extends along both slopes of the central cordillera above the town of Santa Fe (420 m) and the smaller settlements of Chitra, Gatú, Loma Chata, and Piedras Gordas (500-800 m), which all are on the Pacific slope. On the Caribbean slope it is contiguous with the Golfo de los Mosquitos Forests and to the east with Omar Torrijos National Park. The higher peaks within the park include Cerros Tute (1,081 m), Cabeza de Toro (1,412 m), Negro (1,431 m), Saro (1,518 m), San Antonio (1,414 m), and Chicú (1,764 m). The high point (unnamed on maps) is 1,964 m, and is located between the headwaters of the Concepción and Veraguas Rivers. The park incorporates the upper watersheds of the Santa María, Gatú, and San Juan Rivers on the Pacific slope and the Calovébora, Guázaro, Concepción, Veraguas, and Belén on the Caribbean. Park boundaries extend down to 400 m on the Pacific slope near Santa Fe and to 80 m on the Caribbean slope on the Guázaro River. There is a very distinct break in the Tabasará cordillera within the park west of Santa Fé, between Cerros Cabeza de Toro and Pira-gual, where the continental divide drops to 800 m. A gravel road passes from Santa Fe to Calovévora on the Caribbean through this gap. Although in recent years it has been impassable to vehicles much beyond the divide, it has recently been improved. The topography of most of the area is rugged, and access is difficult. The Ngöbe-Buglé Comarca borders the area on the west. The Santa Fé-Calovébora road and the lower slopes of Cerro Tute are well-known birding areas, but the only information on the birds of the higher peaks to the east are collections made in the 1860s (Salvin 1867, 1870)2 and in 1925-26.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Prong-billed Barbet Semnornis frantzii unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black Guan Chamaepetes unicolor breeding  2006  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Black-breasted Wood-quail Odontophorus leucolaemus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Purplish-backed Quail-dove Zentrygon lawrencii unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Buff-fronted Quail-dove Zentrygon costaricensis unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Chiriqui Quail-dove Zentrygon chiriquensis unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Sulphur-winged Parakeet Pyrrhura hoffmanni unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Bare-shanked Screech-owl Megascops clarkii unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Glow-throated Hummingbird Selasphorus ardens breeding  2006  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
White-tailed Emerald Elvira chionura unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Hummingbird Eupherusa nigriventris unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Purple-throated Mountain-gem Lampornis calolaemus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Magenta-throated Woodstar Calliphlox bryantae unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Trogon aurantiiventris unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Not Recognised 
Lattice-tailed Trogon Trogon clathratus unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Resplendent Quetzal Pharomachrus mocinno breeding  2006  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Bare-necked Umbrellabird Cephalopterus glabricollis breeding  2006  250-999 individuals  poor  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Three-wattled Bellbird Procnias tricarunculatus breeding  2006  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi winter  2006  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Dark Pewee Contopus lugubris unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Golden-bellied Flycatcher Myiodynastes hemichrysus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Silvery-fronted Tapaculo Scytalopus argentifrons unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-crowned Antpitta Pittasoma michleri unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Ruddy Treerunner Margarornis rubiginosus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Streak-breasted Treehunter Thripadectes rufobrunneus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcher Phainoptila melanoxantha unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Ochraceous Wren Troglodytes ochraceus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Solitaire Myadestes melanops unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera winter  2006  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea winter  2006  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A1  Vulnerable 
Collared Redstart Myioborus torquatus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-cheeked Warbler Basileuterus melanogenys unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Wrenthrush Zeledonia coronata unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Sooty-faced Finch Arremon crassirostris unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-green Finch Pselliophorus luteoviridis breeding  2006  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Blue-and-gold Tanager Bangsia arcaei breeding  2006  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Spangle-cheeked Tanager Tangara dowii unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-and-yellow Tanager Chrysothlypis chrysomelas unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Slaty Flowerpiercer Diglossa plumbea unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Tawny-capped Euphonia Euphonia anneae unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Golden-browed Chlorophonia Chlorophonia callophrys unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-thighed Grosbeak Pheucticus tibialis unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Santa Fe National Park 77,754 is identical to site 72,636  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - aquatic   minor
Forest   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research major

Other biodiversity Mammals include Water Opossum, Central American Woolly Opossum, Silky Anteater, Northern Naked-tailed Armadillo, Talamancan Yellow-shouldered Bat, Spix’s Disk-winged Bat, Geoffroy’s Tamarin, Central American Spider Monkey, Chiriqui Pocket Gopher, Panamanian Spiny Pocket Mouse, Yellow Deer Mouse, Olingo, Neotropical River Otter, Ocelot, Margay, Jaguarundi, Puma, Jaguar, and Baird’s Tapir. Reptiles and amphibians that have been reported include the frogs and toads Atelopus varius, Colosthetus flotator, C. inguinalis, Dendrobates pumilio, Smilisca sordida, Eleutherodactylus gollmeri, E. melanostictus, E. pardalis, E. podiciferus, E. raniformis, and E. rugulosus, the salamander Bolitoglossa colonnea, the lizards Basiliscus vittatus, Leposoma southi, and Anolis lionotus, and the snakes Rhadinaea vermiculaticeps, Micrurus clarki, and Atropoides nummifer (Santamaría 2000).

Protection status Santa Fe National Park was established in 2001. At present it remains a "paper park," with no staff, facilities, or infrastructure. On its eastern boundary it is contiguous with Omar Torrijos National Park.

References Angehr, George R. 2003. Directorio de areas importantes para aves en Panama. Directory of important bird areas in Panama. Panama: Sociedad Audubon de Panama. Olson, Storrs L. 1997. Avian biogeography in the islands of the Pacific coast of western Panama. In: Robert W. Dickerman(compiler), The Era of Allan R. Phillips: A Festschrift, pp. 69-82. Horizon Communications, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Ridgely, Robert S., and John A. Gwynne. 1989. A Guide to the Birds of Panama (Second Edition). Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. Rodríguez, Julio A. 1995. Las Aves del Propuesto Parque Nacional Cerro Tute: Diversidad, Distribución, Abundancia y Endemismo Regional. Universidad de Panamá, Panamá. Santamaría, Dilia (ed.). 2000. Propuesta para la creación de un área protegida en Santa Fé de Veraguas, República de Panamá. ANCON, Panamá. Wetmore, Alexander. 1965. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 1. Tinamidae (Tinamous) to Rhynchopidae (Skimmers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1968. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 2. Columbidae (Pigeons) to Picidae (Woodpeckers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1973. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 3. Passeriformes: Dendrocolaptidae (Woodcreepers) to Oxyruncidae (Sharpbill). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander, Roger F. Pasquier, and Storrs L. Olson. 1984. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 4. Passeriformes: Hirundinidae (Swallows) to Fringillidae (Finches). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Santa Fé National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/08/2014

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