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Location Panama, Coclé,Colón,Veraguas
Central coordinates 80o 46.00' West  8o 50.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 202,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 900m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Sociedad Audubon de Panamá

Site description This IBA includes the largest block of lowland forest on the Caribbean slope between Bocas de Toro and San Blas. From the eastern side of the Calovébora valley in Veraguas, nearly continuous forest extends from the coast inland to the central cordillera across the watersheds of the Guázaro, Concepción, Veraguas, and Belén Rivers. Inland the IBA is contiguous with Santa Fe National Park and Omar Torrijos National Park. To the east, in Colón and Coclé provinces forest is found in the watersheds of the Petaquilla and Caimito Rivers and the lower courses of the Coclé del Norte, Toabre, and Miguel de la Borda Rivers, but here it does not extend as far inland as the cordillera. The region is very sparsely settled, mainly by Buglé in the west and latinos to the east along the river courses. Usable roads reach the edge of the area only near the Miguel de la Borda river and at Coclecito on the Coclé del Norte River, and most of the region is inaccessible except by sea.

Key Biodiversity The globally threatened, and nationally endangered, Great Green Macaw occurs in the Coclé del Norte valley in the east, and was still reported to be present in the early 1970s in the Calovébora valley in the west. It probably occurs throughout the remoter parts of the area. The globally threatened Bare-necked Umbrellabird and Three-wattled Bellbird undoubtedly occur on seasonal migration from breeding areas in the adjacent highlands. The area is estimated to contain threshold populations of these species and also Great Curassow and Plumbeous Hawk. It contains at least 4 of 11 species (36%) of the Central American Caribbean Slope EBA, and others are likely to occur. The area is very poorly known ornithologically, and surveys, particularly for macaws, are a high priority.

Non-bird biodiversity: There is little definite information on the fauna. Mammals probably include Water Opossum, Central American Wooly Opossum, Silky Anteater, Northern Naked-tailed Armadillo, Spix’s Disk-winged Bat, Geoffroy’s Tamarin, Central American Spider Monkey, Olingo, Neotropical River Otter, Ocelot, Margay, Jaguarundi, Puma, Jaguar, and Baird’s Tapir. Reptiles and amphibians that have been recorded include the frogs Dendrobates pumilio and D. vicentei, the lizards Anolis carpenteri and A. lionotus, and the snake Rhadinaea sargenti.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Great Curassow Crax rubra breeding  2006  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A1  Vulnerable 
Plumbeous Hawk Cryptoleucopteryx plumbea breeding  2006  50-249 individuals  poor  A1  Vulnerable 
Great Green Macaw Ara ambiguus breeding  2006  20 individuals  poor  A1  Endangered 
Lattice-tailed Trogon Trogon clathratus unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Bare-necked Umbrellabird Cephalopterus glabricollis unknown  2006  250-999 individuals  poor  A1  Endangered 
Three-wattled Bellbird Procnias tricarunculatus unknown  2006  250-999 individuals  poor  A1  Vulnerable 
Black-crowned Antpitta Pittasoma michleri unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera winter  2006  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea passage  2006  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A1  Vulnerable 
Sulphur-rumped Tanager Heterospingus rubrifrons unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Tawny-capped Euphonia Euphonia anneae unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high near favourable negligible

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration medium

Forest   0 0 moderate (70-90%) good (> 90%) near favourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Donoso Multiple Use Area 195,908 protected area overlaps with site 100,000  
General de División Omar Torrijos Herrera National Park 26,290 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Santa Fe National Park 77,754 protected area is adjacent to site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major
Artificial - terrestrial   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture minor
rangeland/pastureland minor
hunting minor

Protection status Unprotected. Adjacent to Santa Fe and Omar Torrijos National Parks.

References Angehr, George R. 2003. Directorio de areas importantes para aves en Panama. Directory of important bird areas in Panama. Panama: Sociedad Audubon de Panama. Ridgely, Robert S., and John A. Gwynne. 1989. A Guide to the Birds of Panama (Second Edition). Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. Wetmore, Alexander. 1965. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 1. Tinamidae (Tinamous) to Rhynchopidae (Skimmers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1968. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 2. Columbidae (Pigeons) to Picidae (Woodpeckers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1973. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 3. Passeriformes: Dendrocolaptidae (Woodcreepers) to Oxyruncidae (Sharpbill). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander, Roger F. Pasquier, and Storrs L. Olson. 1984. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 4. Passeriformes: Hirundinidae (Swallows) to Fringillidae (Finches). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Golfo de los Mosquitos Forests. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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