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Location Panama, Chiriquí
Central coordinates 82o 54.08' West  8o 10.83' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 2,800 ha
Altitude 40 - 250m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Sociedad Audubon de Panamá



Site description This site consists of the remaining forest fragments of the Burica Peninsula south of Puerto Armuelles. Charco Azul, on the coast 4 km south of Puerto Armuelles, consists of three adjacent fragments of mostly young secondary lowland evergreen forest (121 ha total) around the Quebrada Merida. The forest is within the operating area of the facilities of Petroterminales de Panamá (PTP), the Pacific terminal of the oil pipeline from Puerto Armuelles to Chiriquí Grande. It is easily accessible by road. The Quebrada Mellicita area, 7-11 km south of Puerto Armuelles, contains five large and several smaller fragments of more mature forest (2 to 56 ha, about 224 ha in all). The remaining forest is in the Quebradas Manzanillo, Melliza, and Mellicita within 3.5 km of the coast.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Costa Rican Swift Chaetura fumosa unknown  2006  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Veraguan Mango Anthracothorax veraguensis unknown  2006  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Coquette Lophornis adorabilis unknown  2006  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Garden Emerald Chlorostilbon assimilis unknown  2006  A3  Least Concern 
Charming Hummingbird Amazilia decora unknown  2006  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Baird's Trogon Trogon bairdii breeding  2006  poor  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Fiery-billed Aracari Pteroglossus frantzii unknown  2006  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Golden-naped Woodpecker Melanerpes chrysauchen unknown  2006  A2  Least Concern 
Rufous-winged Woodpecker Piculus simplex unknown  2006  A3  Least Concern 
Orange-collared Manakin Manacus aurantiacus unknown  2006  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Cotinga Carpodectes antoniae unknown  2006  1 individuals  poor  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Black-hooded Antshrike Thamnophilus bridgesi unknown  2006  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Tawny-winged Woodcreeper Dendrocincla anabatina unknown  2006  A3  Least Concern 
Riverside Wren Thryothorus semibadius unknown  2006  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Shrike-tanager Lanio leucothorax unknown  2006  A3  Least Concern 
Cherrie's Tanager Ramphocelus costaricensis unknown  2006  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-crowned Euphonia Euphonia luteicapilla unknown  2006  A3  Least Concern 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   major
Forest   major
Coastline   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture major
urban/industrial/transport minor
rangeland/pastureland major

Other biodiversity The globally endangered Red-backed Squirrel Monkey* occurs, as well as Central American Wooly Opossum, Central American Spider Monkey, Neotropical River Otter, Ocelot and Jaguarundi (Rodríguez 2000, A. Rodríguez pers. com.). Reptiles and amphibians that have been recorded from the Puerto Armuelles area include the frog Eleutherodactylus taurus, the salamander Bolitoglossa lignicolor, the lizards Sphaerodactylus graptolaemus, Bachia blairi, Sphenomorphus cherriei and Leposoma southi, and the snake Micrurus clarki.

Protection status The area is privately owned.

References Angehr, George R. 2003. Directorio de areas importantes para aves en Panama. Directory of important bird areas in Panama. Panama: Sociedad Audubon de Panama. Ridgely, Robert S., and John A. Gwynne. 1989. A Guide to the Birds of Panama (Second Edition). Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. Wetmore, Alexander. 1965. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 1. Tinamidae (Tinamous) to Rhynchopidae (Skimmers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1968. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 2. Columbidae (Pigeons) to Picidae (Woodpeckers). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander. 1973. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 3. Passeriformes: Dendrocolaptidae (Woodcreepers) to Oxyruncidae (Sharpbill). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. Wetmore, Alexander, Roger F. Pasquier, and Storrs L. Olson. 1984. The Birds of the Republic of Panama. Part 4. Passeriformes: Hirundinidae (Swallows) to Fringillidae (Finches). Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Quebrada Mellicita-Charco Azul. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/04/2014

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