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Location Panama, Chiriquí
Central coordinates 82o 12.00' West  8o 42.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 19,500 ha
Altitude 700 - 2,213m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Sociedad Audubon de Panamá



Site description Fortuna Forest Reserve protects the watershed of the Fortuna Dam, a major hydroelectric project completed in the mid-1990s. It includes the upper watershed of the Chiriquí River, plus an area in the southwest outside the watershed. On the Pacific side of the continental divide, it contains rugged terrain, with the high point, Cerro Chorcha (2,213 m), in the southeast, and the low point (700 m) in the southwest. The Oleoducto (Pipeline) Road between lowland Chiriquí and the town of Chiriquí Grande in Bocas del Toro traverses the reserve.

Key Biodiversity The globally-threatened Bare-necked Umbrellabird occurs north of the reservoir, but is rare. Fortuna is the western end of the range of the globally threatened Yellow-green Finch, which is uncommon at higher elevations south of the reservoir. The globally threatened Red-fronted Parrotlet is occasional, while Three-wattled Bellbird is present seasonally in small numbers. Among near-threatened species, Black Guan and Blue-and-gold Tanager are common, Resplendent Quetzal uncommon at higher elevations, and Great Curassow is rare, and there is apparently only one record of Resplendent Quetzal. Fortuna contains 38 of 54 species (70%) of the Costa Rica and Panama Highlands EBA, and 38 of 68 species (56%) of biome N06. It also contains a few species of the Central American Caribbean Slope EBA: Lattice-tailed Trogon, Black-crowned Antpitta and Black-and-yellow Tanager. It and the adjacent Palo Seco Protection Forest are the only known sites in Panama for Ashy-throated Bush-Tanager, and also the only place where Strong-billed Woodcreeper and White-bellied Emerald have been recorded recently (Ridgely and Gwynne 1989, Robbins et al. 1995). Since 1976 the area has been extensively studied by ornithologists (Ridgely and Gwynne 1989, Robbins et al. 1995).

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals include Water Opossum, Slaty Mouse Opossum, Northern Naked-tailed Armadillo, Blackish Small-eared Shrew, Talamancan Yellow-shouldered Bat, Spix's Disc-winged Bat, Western Night Monkey, Sprightly Pygmy Rice Rat, Naked-footed Deer Mouse, Cacomistle, Neotropical River Otter, Ocelot, Jaguarundi, Puma, Jaguar, and Baird's Tapir (Samudio 2000). Reptiles and amphibians include the frogs and toads Atelopus varius, Dendrobates speciosus, Duellmanohyla uranochroa, Hyla graceae, H. lancasteri, H. tica, H. zeteki, Phyllomedusa lemur, Ptychohyla legleri, Smilisca sordida, Eleutherodactylus emcelae, E. gollmeri, E. pardalis, E. podiciferus, E. punctariolus, and E. rugulosus; the salamander Bolitoglossa colonnea; the lizards Anolis carpenteri, A. casildae, A. exsul, A. fortunensis, A. insignis, A. polylepis and A. vociferans; and the snakes Clelia scytalina, Urotheca decipiens and Atropoides picadoi.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Prong-billed Barbet Semnornis frantzii unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black Guan Chamaepetes unicolor breeding  2006  250-999 individuals  poor  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Black-breasted Wood-quail Odontophorus leucolaemus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Buff-fronted Quail-dove Zentrygon costaricensis unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Chiriqui Quail-dove Zentrygon chiriquensis unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Red-fronted Parrotlet Touit costaricensis breeding  2006  250-999 individuals  poor  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Bare-shanked Screech-owl Megascops clarkii unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Costa Rican Pygmy-owl Glaucidium costaricanum unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Fiery-throated Hummingbird Panterpe insignis unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-tailed Emerald Elvira chionura unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Hummingbird Eupherusa nigriventris unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Mountain-gem Lampornis hemileucus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Purple-throated Mountain-gem Lampornis calolaemus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Scintillant Hummingbird Selasphorus scintilla unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Trogon aurantiiventris unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Not Recognised 
Resplendent Quetzal Pharomachrus mocinno breeding  2006  50-249 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Bare-necked Umbrellabird Cephalopterus glabricollis breeding  2006  50-249 individuals  poor  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Three-wattled Bellbird Procnias tricarunculatus breeding  2006  250-999 individuals  poor  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi winter  2006  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Dark Pewee Contopus lugubris unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Ochraceous Pewee Contopus ochraceus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-capped Flycatcher Empidonax atriceps unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Golden-bellied Flycatcher Myiodynastes hemichrysus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Silvery-fronted Tapaculo Scytalopus argentifrons unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Streak-breasted Treehunter Thripadectes rufobrunneus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-winged Vireo Vireo carmioli unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcher Phainoptila melanoxantha unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Long-tailed Silky-flycatcher Ptilogonys caudatus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Ochraceous Wren Troglodytes ochraceus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Solitaire Myadestes melanops unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-billed Nightingale-thrush Catharus gracilirostris unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera winter  2006  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Flame-throated Warbler Parula gutturalis unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Collared Redstart Myioborus torquatus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-cheeked Warbler Basileuterus melanogenys unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Sooty-faced Finch Arremon crassirostris unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-green Finch Pselliophorus luteoviridis breeding  2006  50-249 individuals  poor  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Blue-and-gold Tanager Bangsia arcaei breeding  2006  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Spangle-cheeked Tanager Tangara dowii unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Slaty Flowerpiercer Diglossa plumbea unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Sooty-capped Bush-tanager Chlorospingus pileatus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Golden-browed Chlorophonia Chlorophonia callophrys unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Fortuna Forest Reserve 20,654 is identical to site 19,500  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   major
Artificial - aquatic   minor

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research major
water management major

Protection status Fortuna Forest Reserve was established in 1976. On its northern and eastern sides it is contiguous with the Palo Seco Protection Forest.

References Angehr, George R. 2003. Directorio de areas importantes para aves en Panama. Directory of important bird areas in Panama. Panama: Sociedad Audubon de Panama. Ridgely, Robert S., and John A. Gwynne. 1989. A Guide to the Birds of Panama (Second Edition). Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey. Robbins, Mark B., Michael J. Braun, Gary R. Graves, Griselda Escalona-Segura, and Jason Mobley. 1995. Lista Preliminar de las Aves de la Reserva "Fortuna", Chiriquí, Panamá. University of Kansas Natural History Museum, Lawrence, Kansas. Samudio, Rafael, Jr. 2000. Diversidad de Mamíferos en el Bosque Montano de Fortuna, Panamá. Unpublished report.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Fortuna Forest Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/12/2014

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