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Location Panama, Bocas del Toro,Comarca Ngöbe-Buglé
Central coordinates 82o 25.00' West  8o 56.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 167,000 ha
Altitude 40 - 2,300m
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Sociedad Audubon de Panamá



Site description Palo Seco Protection Forest forms a buffer zone for La Amistad International Park. It extends on the Caribbean slope in Bocas del Toro from the headwaters of the Yorkin River east to the headwaters of the Guaviviara River, protecting the mid-courses of the Teribe and Changuinola Rivers and the headwaters of the Riaco, Uyama, Róbalo and Guarumo. Between the Riaco and Guaviviara Rivers, the boundary follows the 200 m contour. The reserve extends inland to the boundary with La Amistad and the continental divide, and at its eastern end is contiguous with the Fortuna Forest Reserve. The lowest point (40 m) is in the valley of the Changuinola River, while the high point is at Cerro Azul (2,300 m) at the junction with La Amistad on the continental divide. Most of Palo Seco lies below 800 m. There are only a few readily accessible areas: the Teribe and Changuinola valleys, the Valle de Risco (although this area is largely deforested), and along the Oleoducto (Pipeline) Road between Chiriquí province and the town of Chiriquí Grande in Bocas del Toro.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Guan Chamaepetes unicolor breeding  2006  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Great Curassow Crax rubra breeding  2006  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A1  Vulnerable 
Black-breasted Wood-quail Odontophorus leucolaemus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Purplish-backed Quail-dove Geotrygon lawrencii unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Buff-fronted Quail-dove Geotrygon costaricensis unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-breasted Quail-dove Geotrygon chiriquensis unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Sulphur-winged Parakeet Pyrrhura hoffmanni unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Red-fronted Parrotlet Touit costaricensis breeding  2006  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Bare-shanked Screech-owl Megascops clarkii unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Costa Rican Pygmy-owl Glaucidium costaricanum unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Nightjar Caprimulgus saturatus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Fiery-throated Hummingbird Panterpe insignis unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Hummingbird Eupherusa nigriventris unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Mountain-gem Lampornis hemileucus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Purple-throated Mountain-gem Lampornis calolaemus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Scintillant Hummingbird Selasphorus scintilla unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Lattice-tailed Trogon Trogon clathratus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Orange-bellied Trogon Trogon aurantiiventris unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Prong-billed Barbet Semnornis frantzii unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-winged Woodpecker Piculus simplex unknown  2006  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-coloured Woodpecker Celeus castaneus unknown  2006  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-collared Manakin Manacus candei unknown  2006  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-headed Piprites Piprites griseiceps unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Bare-necked Umbrellabird Cephalopterus glabricollis breeding  2006  250-999 individuals  poor  A1, A2, A3  Endangered 
Three-wattled Bellbird Procnias tricarunculatus breeding  2006  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Snowy Cotinga Carpodectes nitidus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi winter  2006  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Dark Pewee Contopus lugubris unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Golden-bellied Flycatcher Myiodynastes hemichrysus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Silvery-fronted Tapaculo Scytalopus argentifrons unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-crowned Antpitta Pittasoma michleri unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Streak-breasted Treehunter Thripadectes rufobrunneus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcher Phainoptila melanoxantha unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Wren Thryothorus atrogularis unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Stripe-breasted Wren Thryothorus thoracicus unknown  2006  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Ochraceous Wren Troglodytes ochraceus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Solitaire Myadestes melanops unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera winter  2006  1,000-2,499 individuals  poor  A1  Near Threatened 
Collared Redstart Myioborus torquatus unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-cheeked Warbler Basileuterus melanogenys unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Montezuma Oropendola Psarocolius montezuma unknown  2006  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Black-cowled Oriole Icterus prosthemelas unknown  2006  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Shrike-tanager Lanio leucothorax unknown  2006  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Crimson-collared Tanager Ramphocelus sanguinolentus unknown  2006  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Scarlet-rumped Tanager Ramphocelus passerinii unknown  2006  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Blue-and-gold Tanager Bangsia arcaei breeding  2006  2,500-9,999 individuals  poor  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Spangle-cheeked Tanager Tangara dowii unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Sulphur-rumped Tanager Heterospingus rubrifrons unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-and-yellow Tanager Chrysothlypis chrysomelas unknown  2006  unknown  A2  Least Concern 
Slaty Flowerpiercer Diglossa plumbea unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-crowned Euphonia Euphonia luteicapilla unknown  2006  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Olive-backed Euphonia Euphonia gouldi unknown  2006  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Tawny-capped Euphonia Euphonia anneae unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Golden-browed Chlorophonia Chlorophonia callophrys unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-thighed Grosbeak Pheucticus tibialis unknown  2006  unknown  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-faced Grosbeak Caryothraustes poliogaster unknown  2006  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Fortuna Forest Reserve 20,654 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
La Amistad National Park 207,000 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Palo Seco Protected Forest 167,763 is identical to site 125,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   major
Forest   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture major
nature conservation and research major
hunting minor
energy production and mining major
tourism/recreation minor
water management major

Other biodiversity The fauna of Palo Seco is not well known, especially higher elevations. Mammals expected in the area include many of those of La Amistad International Park or Fortuna Forest Reserve, in particular Water Opossum, Slaty Mouse Opossum, Central American Wooly Opossum, Silky Anteater, Blackish Small-eared Shrew, Talamancan Small-eared Shrew, Ender's Small-eared Shrew, Honduran White Bat, Talamancan Yellow-shouldered Bat, Hairy-legged Vampire Bat, Thumbless Bat, Brazilian Free-tailed Bat, Central American Spider Monkey, Montane Squirrel, Sprightly Pygmy Rice Rat, Naked-footed Deer Mouse, Mexican Porcupine, Olingo, Neotropical River Otter, Ocelot, Margay, Jaguarundi, Puma, Jaguar and Baird's Tapir. Reptiles and amphibians found or expected include the frogs and toads Atelopus chiriquiensis, A. varius, Bufo fastidiosus, B. peripatetes, Crepidophyrne epiotica, Dendrobates speciosus, Duellmanohyla lythrodes, Duellmanohyla uranochroa, Hyla debilis, H. graceae, H. lancasteri, H. rivularis, H. tica, H. zeteki, Phyllomedusa lemur, Eleutherodactylus emcelae, E. jota, E. noblei, E. pardalis* and Rana vibricaria, the salamanders Bolitoglossa compacta, B. marmorea, B. minutula, B. robusta, Oedipina alfaroi and O. grandis, the lizards Anolis aquaticus, A. casildae, A. exsul, A. fortunensis and Sphenomorphus rarus, and the snakes Hydromorphus dunni, Urotheca guentheri, and U. pachyura.

Protection status Palo Seco Protection Forest was established in 1983 primarily to protect the watershed of a hydroelectric project that was planned for the Changuinola River. There is only one park guard assigned to the area.

References Angehr, George R. 2003. Directorio de areas importantes para aves en Panama. Directory of important bird areas in Panama. Panama: Sociedad Audubon de Panama. Ridgely, Robert S. 1982. Faunal Studies 10. Avifauna of the Changuinola Dam site. en/in: Abdiel Adames (compilador/compiler), Environmental Assessment of the Changuinola-1 Hydroelectric Project. Gorgas Memorial Laboratory, Panama. Ridgely, Robert S., and John A. Gwynne. 1989. A Guide to the Birds of Panama (Second Edition). Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Palo Seco Protection Forest. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 13/07/2014

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