|Central coordinates||24o 16.00' East 52o 46.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, B3|
|Altitude||157 - 161m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2005|
Ornithological information A total of 99 bird species have been recorded, including 14 species listed in the National Red Data Book. The following nationally important bird species breed: Great Grey Owl Strix nebulosa (2-3 pairs) and Eagle Owl Bubo bubo (2 pairs). The site is internationally important because it hosts large populations of several globally threatened species, including Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola, Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga, Corncrake Crex crex, and Great Snipe Gallinago media.
Site description Dikoe fen mire is one of Europe's largest natural fen mires.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Corncrake Crex crex||breeding||2000||50-100 males only||medium||A1||Least Concern|
|Common Grasshopper-warbler Locustella naevia||breeding||2000||400-700 breeding pairs||medium||B3||Least Concern|
|Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola||breeding||1996-2001||1,200-1,500 males only||good||A1||Vulnerable|
|Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis||breeding||1996||3,000-4,000 breeding pairs||medium||B3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Belowezskaya Pushcha||National Park||87,607||protected area contains site||15,206|
|Dikoe||Nature Sanctuary or Partial Reserve||7,400||protected area contained by site||7,400|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Alluvial and very wet forest||38%|
|Wetlands (inland)||Fens, transition mires and springs||60%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||90%|
Other biodiversity 14 National Red Data Book plant species can be found at the site. Three of them (Carex umbrosa, Lycopodiella inundata, and Salix myrtilloides) were recently found on the site for the first time, in Pruzhany District. The eastern part of the mire contains the country's largest group of Betula humilis. The vertebrate fauna of the zakaznik is diverse and includes 28 mammal, four reptile, and five amphibian species. The mire hosts Lynx Felis linx, which is rare in the Belavezhskaia Pushcha National Park. Dikoe is also valuable for the conservation of the indigenous Belavezhskaia Pushcha population of Elk Alces alces.
Management considerations Cessation of hay-making is a major threat, allowing shrubs to encroach on the open fens. Drainage Incorrect exploitation of the existing drainage facilities influences the mire's hydrological regime.Speeding up of vegetation succession The Dikoe mire is currently in transition from the sedge-Hypnum to the sedge-Sphagnum stage. In the last 30-40 years this process has become much more rapid following the cessation of hand hay cutting. In turn, this leads to irreversible changes in the habitats of several globally threatened species.
Protection status National Conservation Status: In 1999 most of the site (92%) was added to the Belavezhskaia Pushcha National Park. The transfer of lands under the jurisdiction of the Park has not yet finished. International Conservation Status: An IBA was established in 1998 (code BY010, criteria A1, Â2, Â3).Potential Ramsar site (criteria 1, 2).
References A.Kozulin, L.Vergeichik, M.Nikiforov and others. Treasures of Belarusian nature.- Minsk, 2002. -160 p.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Balota Dzikoje. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/06/2013
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