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Location Belarus, Brest,Grodno
Central coordinates 24o 16.00' East  52o 46.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B3
Area 23,145 ha
Altitude 157 - 161m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Akhova Ptushak Belarusi

Site description Dikoe fen mire is one of Europe's largest natural fen mires.

Key Biodiversity A total of 99 bird species have been recorded, including 14 species listed in the National Red Data Book. The following nationally important bird species breed: Great Grey Owl Strix nebulosa (2-3 pairs) and Eagle Owl Bubo bubo (2 pairs). The site is internationally important because it hosts large populations of several globally threatened species, including Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola, Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga, Corncrake Crex crex, and Great Snipe Gallinago media.

Non-bird biodiversity: 14 National Red Data Book plant species can be found at the site. Three of them (Carex umbrosa, Lycopodiella inundata, and Salix myrtilloides) were recently found on the site for the first time, in Pruzhany District. The eastern part of the mire contains the country's largest group of Betula humilis. The vertebrate fauna of the zakaznik is diverse and includes 28 mammal, four reptile, and five amphibian species. The mire hosts Lynx Felis linx, which is rare in the Belavezhskaia Pushcha National Park. Dikoe is also valuable for the conservation of the indigenous Belavezhskaia Pushcha population of Elk Alces alces.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Corncrake Crex crex breeding  2000  50-100 males only  medium  A1  Least Concern 
Aquatic Warbler Acrocephalus paludicola breeding  1996-2001  1,200-1,500 males only  good  A1  Vulnerable 
Common Grasshopper-warbler Locustella naevia breeding  2000  400-700 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Least Concern 
Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis breeding  1996  3,000-4,000 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Near Threatened 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Belowezskaya Pushcha National Park 87,607 protected area contains site 15,206  
Dikoe Nature Sanctuary or Partial Reserve 7,400 protected area contained by site 7,400  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest  38%
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs  60%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 90%
agriculture 5%
other 5%

Protection status National Conservation Status: In 1999 most of the site (92%) was added to the Belavezhskaia Pushcha National Park. The transfer of lands under the jurisdiction of the Park has not yet finished. International Conservation Status: An IBA was established in 1998 (code BY010, criteria A1, Â2, Â3).Potential Ramsar site (criteria 1, 2).

References A.Kozulin, L.Vergeichik, M.Nikiforov and others. Treasures of Belarusian nature.- Minsk, 2002. -160 p.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Balota Dzikoje. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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