|Location||Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba (to Netherlands), Bonaire|
|Central coordinates||68o 24.00' West 12o 17.06' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3, A4i, B4i|
|Altitude||0 - 243m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2014|
Site description Established in 1969, Washington-Slagbaai National Park, at 6,900 hectares, encompasses approximately a quarter of Bonaire at the northern end of the island. The park encompasses the area of the island with the greatest geographic relief including the highest point of the island, Mount Brandaris, a 243 m ancient eroded volcano. The park was once a large privately-owned agricultural ranch (exporting animals, and producing charcoal and aloe resin) and it still has free-roaming goats and donkeys (now accompanied by pigs) such that much of the habitat still bears the signatures of disturbance. The park has a generally well-maintained but narrow and sometimes steep road network for visitor access and is open daily with a minimal fee.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|American Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber||resident||2007||500 individuals||poor||B4i||Least Concern|
|Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis||resident||2007||360 individuals||poor||B4i||Least Concern|
|Common Tern Sterna hirundo||breeding||2007||20 individuals||poor||A4i||Least Concern|
|Least Tern Sternula antillarum||breeding||2007||412 individuals||poor||B4i||Least Concern|
|Bare-eyed Pigeon Patagioenas corensis||resident||2007||unknown||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Yellow-shouldered Amazon Amazona barbadensis||resident||2007||250 individuals||poor||A1, A2, A3||Vulnerable|
|Caribbean Elaenia Elaenia martinica||resident||2007||unknown||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops fuscatus||resident||2007||20 individuals||poor||A2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Washington-Slagbaai (Bonaire)||National Park||5,900||protected area contained by site||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||major|
Other biodiversity One endemic plant species, one lizard endemic to island, at least seven endemic to ABCs, one subspecies of lizard endemic to island. A number of land snails endemic to either Bonaire or to the ABC islands are reported: Tudora aurantia, Tudora maculata, Leptinaria harterti, Brachypodella gibbonsi, Stoastomops walkeri (Moolenbeek 2006). The endemic freshwater fish Poecilia vandepolli is present in the freshwater streams and ponds (Vonk et al. 2007).
Protection status Washington-Slagbaai National Park is a protected area since establishment in 1969. Both Goto Lake and Boca Slagbaai (within the park boundaries) are designated Ramsar sites.
References Ligon, J. (2005);De Freitas et al. (2005);Debrot et al.(2006);Moolenbeek, R. (2006); Prins, T.G. & Nijman, V. (2005); Prins, T.G (2005);Vonk R. et al. (2007); Voous, K. H. (1983);Wells, J. V. and A. C.Wells (2006).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Washington-Slagbaai National Park, Bonaire. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/10/2014
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