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Location Spain, Murcia,País Valenciano
Central coordinates 0o 55.00' West  38o 0.00' North
IBA criteria B1iii, C2, C6
Area 24,000 ha
Altitude 200 - 647m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description The site includes both mountains and plains south-east of the city of Murcia. The vegetation is mainly Pinus forest, scrub and steppe habitats.

Key Biodiversity This is an important area for dispersing juvenile raptors and also for steppic species. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aegypius monachus (passage), Aquila clanga (passage) and Falco naumanni (14 wintering individuals).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  1996  6 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata non-breeding  1996  15-50 individuals  good  B1iii, C2  Least Concern 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus resident  1996  6-8 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus winter  1996  25-100 individuals  medium  B1iii, C2  Least Concern 
Burhinus oedicnemus resident  1996  30-50 breeding pairs  poor  C6  Not Recognised 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  1996  9-10 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  1996  5-10 breeding pairs  poor  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
El Valle Regional Park 2,098 protected area overlaps with site 2,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Native coniferous woodland  -
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  26%
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  -
Desert Semidesert  26%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  26%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting 26%
agriculture -
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National Low International None2,000 ha of IBA covered by Regional Park (El Valle, 10,500 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: El Valle, Altaona and Escalona mountains. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife