email a friend
printable version
Location Spain, Murcia
Central coordinates 1o 45.00' West  38o 0.00' North
IBA criteria B2, C6
Area 47,000 ha
Altitude 500 - 1,585m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A mountainous area with cliffs and a large area of Pinus forest. At lower altitudes dry scrub dominates. The main human activities are forestry, hunting and mining.

Key Biodiversity This is a very important site for forest- and cliff-nesting raptors.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Falco peregrinus resident  1996  10-15 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1996  6-8 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus resident  1996  30-40 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Circaetus gallicus resident  1996  20 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  1996  20 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax resident  1996  100 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Sierra Espuña National Game Reserve 13,855 protected area contained by site 13,855  
Sierra Espuña Regional Park 17,804 protected area contained by site 10,786  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Native coniferous woodland  26%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  26%
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations  26%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 26%
hunting -
urban/industrial/transport -

Protection status National Partial International None13,855 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Sierra Espuña, 13,855 ha). 10,786 ha of IBA covered by Regional Park (Sierra Espuña, 10,786 ha).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Burete, Cambrón and Espuña mountain ranges. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife