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Location Spain, Murcia
Central coordinates 1o 45.00' West  38o 0.00' North
IBA criteria B2, C6
Area 47,000 ha
Altitude 500 - 1,585m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description A mountainous area with cliffs and a large area of Pinus forest. At lower altitudes dry scrub dominates. The main human activities are forestry, hunting and mining.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Falco peregrinus resident  1996  10-15 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus resident  1996  20 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1996  6-8 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus resident  1996  30-40 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  1996  20 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax resident  1996  100 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
LLANO DE LAS CABRAS - ES0000263 Birds Directive 987 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
R Habitats Directive 878 protected area overlaps with site 71  
SIERRA DE BURETE, LAVIA Y CAMBRÓN - ES0000267 Birds Directive 21,482 protected area overlaps with site 20,199  
Sierra de Lavia - ES6200021 Habitats Directive 2,179 protected area contained by site 2,179  
Sierra Espuña National Game Reserve 13,855 protected area contained by site 13,855  
Sierra Espuña Regional Park 17,804 protected area contained by site 10,786  
Sierra Espuña - ES0000173 Birds Directive 17,681 protected area contained by site 17,681  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Native coniferous woodland  26%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  26%
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations  26%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 26%
hunting -
urban/industrial/transport -

Protection status National Partial International None13,855 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Sierra Espuña, 13,855 ha). 10,786 ha of IBA covered by Regional Park (Sierra Espuña, 10,786 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Burete, Cambrón and Espuña mountain ranges. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife