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Location Belarus, Minsk,Vitebsk
Central coordinates 28o 21.00' East  54o 38.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2
Area 84,622 ha
Altitude 157 - 226m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Akhova Ptushak Belarusi

Site description Berezinski reserve is the largest complex of pine forests mixed with bogs and fens, as well as river floodplains. Water has a special role and place in the condition and structure of the reserve, represented by the Berezina, smaller rivers and streams, canals, oxbows, floodplain water reservoirs, lakes. There are 69 rivers and streams on the territory of the reserve, the largest being the Berezina. All lakes of the reserve are eutrophic and are getting rapidly overgrown with vegetation.

Key Biodiversity The fauna list of the Berezinski reserve includes 230 bird species, including 179 breeding species. These are mainly forest and wetland species, to a lesser extent these are species affiliated with open spaces and dwellings. 56 National Red Data Book bird species have been recorded on the territory of the reserve.

Non-bird biodiversity: The flora of the reserve currently includes more than 2,000 plant species. Whereas the shares of cold-resisting plants and thermophytes are approximately equal for the whole Belarus (the latter slightly dominating), the Berezinski reserve on the other hand is characterized by domination of cold-resisting plant species. Three new for Belarus plant species have been identified on the territory of the reserve: Omalotheca supina (is located here far beyond its southern range boundary), Carex paupercula, Cystopteris sudetica (an isolated population of this relict species is found in the reserve). 37 plant species are listed in the National Red Data Book of Belarus. 56 mammal species occur on the territory of the reserve, including 8 National Red Data Book species: European Bison Bison bonasus, Brown Bear Ursus arctos, Badger Meles meles, Lynx Felis linx, Myotis dasicneme, Lesser Noctule Nyctalus leisleri, Vespertilio nillsoni, Garden Dormouse Eliomus quercinus.6 reptile and 11 amphibian species have been recorded on the territory of the reserve. One species - Running Toad Bufo calamita is listed in the National Red Data Book.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix resident  1990  200-300 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1990  12-16 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga breeding  2001  6 breeding pairs  good  A1  Vulnerable 
Circaetus gallicus breeding  2004  4-5 breeding pairs  good  B2  Not Recognised 
Common Crane Grus grus breeding  1990  30-35 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
Great Snipe Gallinago media breeding  1990  20-30 breeding pairs  medium  A1  Near Threatened 
Black Tern Chlidonias niger breeding  2004  100-150 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  2004  10-20 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Osprey Pandion haliaetus breeding  2001  8-11 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2006 not assessed not assessed not assessed

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Berezinskiy State Nature Reserve 81,023 protected area contained by site 81,023  
Berezinskiy State Biosphere Reserve Biogenetic Reserves 81,023 protected area contained by site 81,023  
Berezinskiy Zapovednik UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 113,929 protected area contains site 84,622  
Berezinsky European Diploma Type 'A' 22,161 protected area contained by site 22,161  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Native coniferous woodland  49%
Grassland Humid grasslands  5%
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Raised bogs  46%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 10%
nature conservation and research 80%
tourism/recreation 10%

Protection status National Conservation Status: State Reserve (zapovednik) was established in 1925 International Conservation Status: Biosphere reserve was established in 1979. In 1993 the Council of Europe included the site into the network of biogenetic reserves. In 1995 the site received the Council of Europe's Diploma. IBA was established here in 1998 (code - BY005, criteria Â2, ÂÊ). It is a potential Ramsar site (criterion 1, 2).

References A.Kozulin, L.Vergeichik, M.Nikiforov and others. Treasures of Belarusian nature.- Minsk, 2002. -160 p.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Biarezinski zapaviednik. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

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