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Location Bulgaria
Central coordinates 24o 23.18' East  42o 7.20' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, C1, C6
Area 14,765 ha
Altitude 183 - 543m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Saker Falcon Falco cherrug resident  1996  1-3 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Endangered 
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca resident  1996  2-3 breeding pairs  good  A1, C1, C6  Vulnerable 
Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus resident  1996  15-17 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra resident  1996  100-150 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris breeding  1996  35-38 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high very unfavourable low
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration medium
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration high

Grassland   0 0 very poor (< 40%) very poor (< 40%) very unfavourable

Falco cherrug Saker Falcon 2 0 individuals 0 very unfavourable
Buteo rufinus Long-legged Buzzard 19 7 breeding pairs 37 very unfavourable
Aquila heliaca Eastern Imperial Eagle 6 4 individuals 67 unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management planning has taken place  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Besaparski Hills - BG0002057 Birds Directive 14,765 is identical to site 14,765  
Besaparski vazvisheniya - BG0000254 Habitats Directive 6,743 protected area contained by site 6,743  
Reka Luda Yana - BG0000426 Habitats Directive 474 protected area overlaps with site 37  
Reka Maritza - BG0000578 Habitats Directive 14,693 protected area overlaps with site 1,194  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Besaparski Hills. Downloaded from on 19/04/2015

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