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Location Spain, Baleares
Central coordinates 4o 0.00' East  40o 3.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4ii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Area 17,900 ha
Altitude 0 - 205m
Year of IBA assessment 2007


Site description The site includes limestone, the Es Grao marshes and a coastal lagoon. The vegetation is mainly garrigue and maquis with Quercus ilex and Pinus halepensis forest.

Key Biodiversity This is an important area for seabirds and coastal raptors.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Calonectris diomedea breeding  1995  500-1,500 breeding pairs  medium  B1ii, B2, C2, C6  Not Recognised 
Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus breeding  1995  300 breeding pairs  poor  A1, A4ii, B1ii, B2, C1, C2, C6  Critically Endangered 
European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis resident  1995  200-250 breeding pairs  medium  B1i, B3, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Falco peregrinus resident  1995  10-20 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Red Kite Milvus milvus resident  1996  8 breeding pairs  good  C6  Near Threatened 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus resident  1995  10 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus resident  1995  25-50 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C2, C6  Endangered 
Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii resident  1995  50-100 breeding pairs  medium  A1, C1, C6  Least Concern 
Osprey Pandion haliaetus resident  1995  6 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Menorca UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 72,931 protected area contains site 17,900  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  50%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  30%
Coastline Lagoons; Rock stacks and islets; Sea cliffs and rocky shores  20%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 50%
forestry 50%
hunting 70%
tourism/recreation 20%
urban/industrial/transport 5%

Protection status National Partial International High1,947 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Albufera des Grau, 1,947 ha). 17,900 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (Isla de Menorca Biosphere Reserve, 70,000 ha). 900 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Costa Norte de Menorca, 900 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: North and east coasts of Minorca and island of Aire. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife