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Location Spain, Baleares
Central coordinates 2o 55.00' East  39o 9.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Area 10,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 172m
Year of IBA assessment 2007


Site description A small archipelago, to the south-east of Mallorca, formed by two main islands and many rocky islets. Mediterranean scrub and small Pinus woodlands occur on the largest islands. The main human activities are military and fishing.

Key Biodiversity Breeding birds include four of the 20 species in Europe that are restricted to the Mediterranean biome (when breeding).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Calonectris diomedea breeding  1996  400-500 breeding pairs  good  B1ii, B2, C2, C6  Not Recognised 
Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus breeding  1996  60-120 breeding pairs  medium  A1, A4ii, B1ii, B2, C1, C2  Critically Endangered 
European Storm-petrel Hydrobates pelagicus breeding  1996  300-500 breeding pairs  medium  B1ii, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis resident  1995  85 breeding pairs  good  B1i, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonorae breeding  1996  25-35 breeding pairs  good  A3, B2, C6  Least Concern 
Falco peregrinus resident  1996  8-10 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii resident  1995  381 breeding pairs  good  A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Larus cachinnans resident  1996  1,300-1,700 breeding pairs  medium  A4i, B1i, C3  Not Recognised 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala resident  1995  358-424 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans breeding  1995  40 breeding pairs  good  A3  Least Concern 
Marmora's Warbler Sylvia sarda resident  1995  315-361 breeding pairs  good  A3, B3  Least Concern 
Osprey Pandion haliaetus resident  1996  2 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Acantilados de Maro-Cerro Gordo Barcelona Convention 1,815 protected area contained by site 1,815  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Native coniferous woodland  10%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  70%
Sea Open Sea; Sea inlets and coastal features  20%
Coastline Rock stacks and islets; Sea cliffs and rocky shores  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  1%
Caves and subterranean habitats (non-aquatic) Caves  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture 100%
military 100%
nature conservation and research 100%
tourism/recreation 100%

Protection status National High International High10,000 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Archipielago de Cabrera, 10,000 ha). 10,000 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Archipiélago de Cabrera, 10,000 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Archipelago of Cabrera. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife