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Location Spain, Baleares
Central coordinates 3o 6.00' East  39o 47.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C3, C6
Area 2,800 ha
Altitude 0 - 6m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description Two wetlands in northern Mallorca. The Albufera has a large coastal lagoon connected to the sea but also areas of standing freshwater. There are extensive areas of marsh vegetation dominated by Phragmites, Scirpus and Cladium. There are also abandoned saltpans and sand-dunes with Mediterranean scrub and Pinus forest. The Albufereta has open water and also areas of reedbed (Phragmites) and Tamarix scrub.

Key Biodiversity This is a very important site for breeding, passage and wintering waterbirds, raptors and passerines˜190 bird species have been recorded. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aythya nyroca (wintering).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala resident  1994  3-8 breeding pairs  good  A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6  Endangered 
Ixobrychus minutus resident  1992  11-50 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Not Recognised 
Egretta garzetta resident  1992  1-10 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Not Recognised 
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris resident  1994  1-10 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax resident  1994  11 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea resident  1994  35-55 breeding pairs  medium  C2, C6  Least Concern 
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus resident  1994  8-9 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Spotted Crake Porzana porzana resident  1992  51-250 breeding pairs  medium  B3, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio resident  1993  8-10 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Himantopus himantopus breeding  1994  87-110 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Charadrius alexandrinus resident  1992  51-250 breeding pairs  medium  B1i, B2, C3  Not Recognised 
Moustached Warbler Acrocephalus melanopogon resident  1992  1,000 breeding pairs  medium  C2, C6  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2008 high favourable medium
Population
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Oxyura leucocephala White-headed Duck 8 8 individuals 100 favourable
Ixobrychus minutus 50 50 individuals 100 favourable
Botaurus stellaris Eurasian Bittern 10 10 individuals 100 favourable
Nycticorax nycticorax Black-crowned Night-heron 11 11 individuals 100 favourable
Ardea purpurea Purple Heron 55 55 individuals 100 favourable
Egretta garzetta 10 10 individuals 100 favourable
Circus aeruginosus Western Marsh-harrier 9 9 individuals 100 favourable
Porzana porzana Spotted Crake 250 250 individuals 100 favourable
Porphyrio porphyrio Purple Swamphen 10 10 individuals 100 favourable
Himantopus himantopus 110 110 individuals 100 favourable
Charadrius alexandrinus 250 250 individuals 100 favourable
Acrocephalus melanopogon Moustached Warbler 1000 1000 individuals 100 favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Badies de Pollença i Alcúdia - ES5310005 Habitats Directive 30,753 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
L'Albufereta - ES0000226 Birds Directive 458 protected area overlaps with site 395  
S'albufera Nature Park 1,688 protected area contained by site 1,900  
S'Albufera de Mallorca Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 1,700 protected area contained by site 1,700  
S'Albufera de Mallorca - ES0000038 Birds Directive 2,135 protected area contained by site 2,135  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
GOB 0

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Native coniferous woodland  10%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  10%
Coastline Lagoons; Mud flats & sand flats; Salt marshes; Sand dunes & beaches  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting 10%
nature conservation and research 90%
agriculture 20%
fisheries/aquaculture 10%

Protection status National Partial International High1,900 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (S'Albufera de Mallorca, 1,900 ha). 1,700 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (S'Albufera de Mallorca, 1,700 ha). 2,584 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (S'Albufera de Mallorca, 2,584 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Albufera de Mallorca and Albufereta de Pollença marshes. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife