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Location Spain, Baleares
Central coordinates 2o 52.00' East  39o 49.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Area 54,953 ha
Altitude 0 - 1,436m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description The site lies on the north-west coast of Mallorca, with high cliffs, islets, and inland mountains. Quercus and Pinus woodlands and maquis dominate. The site is extensively grazed by sheep and goats.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for seabirds, raptors and passerines. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Larus audouinii (20-30 resident pairs).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis resident  1991  72-210 breeding pairs  medium  B1i, B3, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonorae breeding  1994  196 breeding pairs  good  A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Falco peregrinus breeding  1992  25-30 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  1996  8-12 breeding pairs  good  A1, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6  Near Threatened 
Red Kite Milvus milvus resident  1993  20-30 breeding pairs  good  B3, C6  Near Threatened 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus resident  1993  20-25 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Marmora's Warbler Sylvia sarda resident  1996  150 breeding pairs  poor  B3  Least Concern 
Osprey Pandion haliaetus resident  1993  7 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Areas Naturales de la Serra de Tramuntana Nature Area of Special Interest 69,947 unknown 48,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  26%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  26%
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores  -
Artificial - terrestrial Perennial crops, orchards and groves  -
Rocky areas Scree & boulders  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 20%
hunting 50%
not utilised 30%

Protection status National None International Partial48,000 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Sierra de Tramuntana de Mallorca, 48,000 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Tramuntana mountains. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife