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Location Spain, Baleares
Central coordinates 2o 52.00' East  39o 49.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Area 54,953 ha
Altitude 0 - 1,436m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description The site lies on the north-west coast of Mallorca, with high cliffs, islets, and inland mountains. Quercus and Pinus woodlands and maquis dominate. The site is extensively grazed by sheep and goats.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Osprey Pandion haliaetus resident  1993  7 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis resident  1991  72-210 breeding pairs  medium  B1i, B3, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonorae breeding  1994  196 breeding pairs  good  A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Falco peregrinus breeding  1992  25-30 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  1996  8-12 breeding pairs  good  A1, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6  Near Threatened 
Red Kite Milvus milvus resident  1993  20-30 breeding pairs  good  B3, C6  Near Threatened 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus resident  1993  20-25 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Marmora's Warbler Sylvia sarda resident  1996  150 breeding pairs  poor  B3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Alaró - ES0000382 Birds Directive 118 protected area contained by site 118  
Areas Naturales de la Serra de Tramuntana Nature Area of Special Interest 69,947 unknown 48,000  
Avenc de Son Pou - ES5310064 Habitats Directive 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Badies de Pollença i Alcúdia - ES5310005 Habitats Directive 30,753 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Bàlitx - ES5310087 Habitats Directive 331 protected area contained by site 331  
Biniarroi - ES5310089 Habitats Directive 536 protected area contained by site 536  
Cala Figuera - ES5310094 Habitats Directive 66 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Cimals de la Serra - ES5310027 Birds Directive 7,252 protected area contained by site 7,252  
Comuna de Bunyola - ES5310010 Birds Directive 787 protected area contained by site 787  
Costa Brava de Mallorca - ES0000073 Birds Directive 8,380 protected area contained by site 8,380  
Cova de cal Pesso - ES5310057 Habitats Directive 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Cova de can Millo o de Coa Negrina - ES5310063 Habitats Directive 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Cova de can Sion - ES5310058 Habitats Directive 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Cova de les Maravelles - ES5310040 Habitats Directive 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Cova dels Estudiants - ES5310067 Habitats Directive 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Cova des Bufador des Solleric - ES5310038 Habitats Directive 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Cova des Corral des Porcs - ES5310047 Habitats Directive 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Cova Morella - ES5310060 Habitats Directive 1 protected area contained by site 1  
D'Alfabia a Biniarroi - ES0000441 Birds Directive 5,593 protected area contained by site 5,593  
De la serra de l'Esperó al Penyal Alt - ES0000442 Birds Directive 1,460 protected area contained by site 1,460  
Des Teix al Puig de ses Fites - ES0000440 Birds Directive 1,451 protected area overlaps with site 975  
Es Binis - ES5310028 Habitats Directive 28 protected area contained by site 28  
Es Boixos - ES5310083 Habitats Directive 657 protected area contained by site 657  
Es Bufador de Son Berenguer - ES5310062 Habitats Directive 1 protected area contained by site 1  
Es Teix - ES5310009 Birds Directive 955 protected area contained by site 955  
Formentor - ES5310093 Habitats Directive 256 protected area contained by site 256  
Gorg Blau - ES5310088 Habitats Directive 165 protected area contained by site 165  
Moncaire - ES5310085 Habitats Directive 249 protected area contained by site 249  
Monnàber - ES5310086 Habitats Directive 10 protected area contained by site 10  
Mossa - ES5310091 Habitats Directive 430 protected area contained by site 430  
Muleta - ES0000224 Birds Directive 163 protected area contained by site 163  
Muntanyes de Pollença - ES5310092 Habitats Directive 2,968 protected area contained by site 2,968  
Puig d'Alarò-Puig de s'Alcadena - ES5310090 Habitats Directive 385 protected area contained by site 385  
Puig de s'Extremera - ES0000380 Birds Directive 139 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Puig de Ses Fites - ES0000379 Birds Directive 271 protected area overlaps with site 90  
Puig des Castell - ES0000383 Birds Directive 175 protected area contained by site 175  
Puig Gros - ES0000381 Birds Directive 1,007 protected area contained by site 1,007  
S'Estaca-Punta de Deià - ES5310082 Habitats Directive 1,002 protected area overlaps with site 217  
Sa Costera - ES0000225 Birds Directive 788 protected area contained by site 788  
Sa Foradada - ES0000223 Birds Directive 109 protected area contained by site 109  
Torre Picada - ES5310084 Habitats Directive 123 protected area contained by site 123  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  26%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  26%
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores  -
Artificial - terrestrial Perennial crops, orchards and groves  -
Rocky areas Scree & boulders  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 20%
hunting 50%
not utilised 30%

Protection status National None International Partial48,000 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Sierra de Tramuntana de Mallorca, 48,000 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tramuntana mountains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife