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Location Spain, Baleares
Central coordinates 2o 21.00' East  39o 35.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1ii, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Area 2,660 ha
Altitude 0 - 480m
Year of IBA assessment 2007


Site description An island close to Mallorca's western tip, with very high limestone cliffs, dominated by Mediterranean scrub.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for breeding seabirds, Falco eleonorae and migrant passerines.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Calonectris diomedea breeding  1993  85-180 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus breeding  1996  150-250 breeding pairs  medium  A1, A4ii, B1ii, B2, C1, C2, C6  Critically Endangered 
European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis resident  1991  11-25 breeding pairs  medium  B3  Least Concern 
Eleonora's Falcon Falco eleonorae breeding  1994  188 breeding pairs  good  A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii resident  1994  218 breeding pairs  good  A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Osprey Pandion haliaetus resident  1996  1 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Dragonera Island Nature Park 300 protected area contained by site 290  
Dragonera Isle Nature Park 290 unknown 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Native coniferous woodland  30%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  40%
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features  20%
Coastline Sea cliffs and rocky shores  10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -

Protection status National Partial International Partial290 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Isla Dragonera, 290 ha). 975 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Isla Dragonera-La Trapa, 975 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Dragonera Island-La Trapa. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife