|Central coordinates||48o 15.00' East 38o 50.00' North|
|Altitude||500 - 2,500m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2000|
Ornithological information Among other breeding raptors at this site are Circaetus gallicus, Buteo rufinus, Aquila chrysaetos and Bubo bubo. Alectoris chukar and Perdix perdix also breed, as do passerines such as Phoenicurus erythrogaster, Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax, Carpospiza brachydactyla and Emberiza buchanani.
Site description Semi-arid plateaus and mountains near the Iranian border with some broadleaved forests. The area, which has a high population density, was formerly part of the border zone, with all land-uses prohibited, but there is now intensive sheep-grazing and some forestry.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus||breeding||-||15 breeding pairs||-||B2||Endangered|
|Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus||resident||-||15 breeding pairs||-||B2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|NAT AZ042||Game Reserve||0||protected area overlaps with site||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Broadleaved deciduous woodland||-|
|Grassland||Steppes and dry calcareous grassland||-|
|Artificial landscapes (terrestrial)||Other urban and industrial areas||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Management considerations Threats come from grazing and some illegal tree-felling (`Other' threat).
Protection status National Partial International NoneIBA partly covered by a Game Reserve.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Zuvand upland. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/05/2013
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