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Location Azerbaijan, Garadag
Central coordinates 49o 36.00' East  40o 11.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i
Area 50,000 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Azerbaijan Ornithological Society (Partner Designate)

Site description This is extensive offshore stripe of 10m depth. The most interesting feature of relief of this territory are 5 big artificial dams with some bushes of reed directional to the sea which create very good wind protection in winter time for water birds. These dams were made by Factory of Deepwater Drilling Oil Platforms which is locates here.

Key Biodiversity This is one of very important site for wintering and migration along the sea coast birds. It could accumulate 100 000 or more birds in winter and migration seasons. Following species can have important numbers: Anas platyrhynchos, Netta rufina, Aythya ferina, Aythya fuligula, Fulica atra etc. There are some rare birds like Phalacrocorax pygmeus, Pelecanus crispus and National Red Data species Cygnus olor.Site almost have no suitable habitats for breeding birds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina winter  1996-2005  650-15,218 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Common Pochard Aythya ferina winter  1996-2005  1,500-8,000 individuals  good  B1i  Vulnerable 
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula winter  1996-2005  1,000-31,850 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus winter  1996-2005  70 individuals  good  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Common Coot Fulica atra winter  1996-2005  7,000-40,485 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
info avialable at AOS 2004


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Coastal lagoons  40%
Coastline   10%
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features  50%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport 10%
Notes: There is a big and active factory of deep water oil-platforms on this site.
hunting 60%
fisheries/aquaculture 40%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sahil settlement - "Shelf" factory. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife