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Location Spain, Andalucía
Central coordinates 3o 40.00' West  36o 50.00' North
IBA criteria B2, C2, C6
Area 125,000 ha
Altitude 800 - 2,065m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A mountain range along the Mediterranean coast of the provinces of Granada and Malaga. The vegetation comprises sclerophyllous scrub, dry grassland, Pinus plantations and patches of Quercus woodland. The main human activities are hunting and livestock-grazing.

Key Biodiversity This is an important area for breeding raptors, particularly Hieraaetus fasciatus. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aquila adalberti (resident).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Falco peregrinus resident  1996  12-16 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata resident  1996  11-14 breeding pairs  good  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1996  10-15 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus breeding  1996  20 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Circaetus gallicus breeding  1996  10-15 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Not Recognised 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  1996  25 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax resident  1996  100 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura resident  1996  300 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C2  Least Concern 
Blue Rock-thrush Monticola solitarius resident  1996  200 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Acantilados de Maro--Cerro Gordo Natural Landscape 395 protected area contained by site 395  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland  -
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  26%
Grassland Dry siliceous grassland; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  26%
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -
agriculture 26%

Protection status National Low International None395 ha of IBA covered by Natural Landscape (Acantilados de Maro-Cerro Gordo, 395 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Prelittoral mountain ranges of Granada. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife